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Discrimination résidentielle et origine ethnique : Une étude expérimentale sur les serveurs en Île-de-France

Author

Listed:
  • Pascale Petit

    () (Université d’Evry-Val-d’Essonne, EPEE et TEPP (FR CNRS n°3435))

  • Emmanuel Duguet

    () (Université Paris-Est, ERUDITE et TEPP (FR CNRS n°3435))

  • Yannick L'Horty

    () (Université Paris-Est, ERUDITE et TEPP (FR CNRS n°3435))

Abstract

Nous avons effectué un testing afin de mesurer la discrimination d’accès à l'emploi des jeunes de banlieue parisienne en considérant à la fois leur origine et leur lieu de résidence. Nous mesurons simultanément les effets du lieu de résidence (banlieue favorisée ou non), de la nationalité (française ou marocaine), et de la consonance du nom et du prénom (évoquant une origine française ou maghrébine), sur les chances d'obtenir un entretien d'embauche en réponse à une offre d’emploi. Notre expérimentation porte sur la profession de serveur pour laquelle nous avons construit 16 profils de demandeurs d'emploi et envoyé 936 CV en réponse à 117 offres d'emploi. Nous obtenons deux résultats principaux. En premier lieu, nous concluons à une discrimination significative à l’encontre des candidats signalant une origine maghrébine. Deuxièmement, nous relevons une discrimination liée au lieu de résidence mais qui est plus importante pour les candidats les plus diplômés ou qui ont un nom ou un prénom français. Ces éléments contribuent à amplifier la ségrégation ethnique des quartiers.

Suggested Citation

  • Pascale Petit & Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L'Horty, 2012. "Discrimination résidentielle et origine ethnique : Une étude expérimentale sur les serveurs en Île-de-France," Documents de recherche 12-09, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:12-09
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mathieu Bunel & Yannick L’Horty & Pascale Petit, 2016. "Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, pages 267-286.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    discrimination; testing; effets de quartier; expérimentation;

    JEL classification:

    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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