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Urban segregation and labour markets within the Bordeaux metropolitan area: an investigation of the spatial friction

Author

Listed:
  • Frédéric GASCHET (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES)
  • Nathalie GAUSSIER (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES)

Abstract

This article aims at providing a test of the spatial mismatch hypothesis on the Bordeaux metropolitan area. Starting with a theoretical survey of the complex links between residential segregation and local labour markets, we then propose a framework allowing for a better understanding of the impact of physical distance on spatial mismatch. The results (at the quarter section level – French IRIS 2000-) confirm the existence of two different effects of spatial friction depending on the distance considered. Furthermore, the results provide some evidence of the existence of a spatial hysteresis effect affecting specifically long-term unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric GASCHET (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES) & Nathalie GAUSSIER (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES), 2004. "Urban segregation and labour markets within the Bordeaux metropolitan area: an investigation of the spatial friction," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2004-19, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  • Handle: RePEc:grs:wpegrs:2004-19
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugres.u-bordeaux4.fr/2004/2004-19.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2014. "Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 51(6), pages 1322-1338, May.
    2. Dujardin, Claire & Goffette-Nagot, Florence, 2010. "Neighborhood effects on unemployment?: A test à la Altonji," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 380-396, November.
    3. Emmanuel Duguet & David Gray & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Labor Market Effects of Urban Riots:an experimental assessment," TEPP Working Paper 2017-03, TEPP.
    4. Matthieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-22, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    5. Yannick L'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00812113, HAL.
    6. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2015. "Why are there so many long-term unemployed in Paris?," TEPP Working Paper 2015-01, TEPP.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    residential segregation; spatial mismatch hypothesis; unemployment.;

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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