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Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results

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  • M. Bunel

    (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • E. Tovar

    (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This methodological paper shows that using different local job accessibility models (LJAs) leads to significantly different empirical appreciations of job accessibility. Matching several exhaustive micro data sources on the Paris region municipalities, the paper benchmarks a representative set of LJA measurement models used in the recent literature and an original model where job availability is fully estimated according to a set of individual characteristics, job competition is fully modelled on the local labour market and frontier effects are controlled for. We show that the model-induced empirical differences are spatially differentiated across the Paris region municipalities, and that failing to fully estimate job availability may lead to overestimation of the job accessibility levels of underprivileged municipalities.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Bunel & E. Tovar, 2014. "Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results," Post-Print halshs-00867924, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00867924
    DOI: 10.1177/0042098013495573
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00867924
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fredrik Andersson & John Haltiwanger & Mark Kutzbach & Henry Pollakowski & Daniel Weinberg, 2011. "Job Displacement And The Duration Of Joblessness: The Role Of Spatial Mismatch," Working Papers 11-30r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau, revised Apr 2014.
    2. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "“Job Accessibility, Employment and Job-Education Mismatch in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona”," IREA Working Papers 201419, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised May 2014.

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    Keywords

    geo-referenced micro-data; Paris region; job accessibility measurement;

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