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Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results

Author

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  • M. Bunel

    (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université)

  • E. Tovar

    (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This methodological paper shows that using different local job accessibility models (LJAs) leads to significantly different empirical appreciations of job accessibility. Matching several exhaustive micro data sources on the Paris region municipalities, the paper benchmarks a representative set of LJA measurement models used in the recent literature and an original model where job availability is fully estimated according to a set of individual characteristics, job competition is fully modelled on the local labour market and frontier effects are controlled for. We show that the model-induced empirical differences are spatially differentiated across the Paris region municipalities, and that failing to fully estimate job availability may lead to overestimation of the job accessibility levels of underprivileged municipalities.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Bunel & E. Tovar, 2014. "Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results," Post-Print halshs-00867924, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00867924
    DOI: 10.1177/0042098013495573
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00867924
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    Cited by:

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    2. Martín-Barroso, David & Núñez-Serrano, Juan A. & Velázquez, Francisco J., 2017. "Firm heterogeneity and the accessibility of manufacturing firms to labour markets," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 243-256.
    3. Ioannis Baraklianos & Louafi Bouzouina & Patrick Bonnel & Hind Aissaoui, 2020. "Does the accessibility measure influence the results of residential location choice modelling?," Transportation, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 1147-1176, June.
    4. Ahmed, Tanjeeb & Hyland, Michael & Sarma, Navjyoth J.S. & Mitra, Suman & Ghaffar, Arash, 2020. "Quantifying the employment accessibility benefits of shared automated vehicle mobility services: Consumer welfare approach using logsums," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 141(C), pages 221-247.
    5. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "“Job Accessibility, Employment and Job-Education Mismatch in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona”," IREA Working Papers 201419, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised May 2014.
    6. Anzhelika Antipova, 2020. "Analysis of Commuting Distances of Low-Income Workers in Memphis Metropolitan Area, TN," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(3), pages 1-21, February.
    7. Fredrik Andersson & John C. Haltiwanger & Mark J. Kutzbach & Henry O. Pollakowski & Daniel H. Weinberg, 2018. "Job Displacement and the Duration of Joblessness: The Role of Spatial Mismatch," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 100(2), pages 203-218, May.
    8. Ioannis BARAKLIANOS & Louafi BOUZOUINA & Patrick BONNEL, 2018. "The impact of accessibility on the location choices of the business services. Evidence from Lyon urban area," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 48, pages 85-104.
    9. Merlin, Louis A. & Hu, Lingqian, 2017. "Does competition matter in measures of job accessibility? Explaining employment in Los Angeles," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 77-88.
    10. Kelobonye, Keone & Zhou, Heng & McCarney, Gary & Xia, Jianhong (Cecilia), 2020. "Measuring the accessibility and spatial equity of urban services under competition using the cumulative opportunities measure," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 85(C).

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    Keywords

    Paris region; geo-referenced micro-data; job accessibility measurement;
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