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Job Displacement and the Duration of Joblessness: The Role of Spatial Mismatch

Author

Listed:
  • Fredrik Andersson

    (Bank of America)

  • John C. Haltiwanger

    (University of Maryland and U.S. Census Bureau)

  • Mark J. Kutzbach

    (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)

  • Henry O. Pollakowski

    (Harvard University)

  • Daniel H. Weinberg

    (DHW Consulting and U.S. Census Bureau (retired))

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach to the measurement of the effects of spatial mismatch that takes advantage of matched employeremployee administrative data integrated with a person-specific job accessibility measure, as well as demographic and neighborhood characteristics. We focus on a group of job searchers for plausibly exogenous reasons: lower-income workers with strong labor force attachment separated during a mass layoff. Our results support the spatial mismatch hypothesis. We find that better job accessibility significantly decreases the duration of joblessness among lower-income displaced workers, especially for blacks, women, and older workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Fredrik Andersson & John C. Haltiwanger & Mark J. Kutzbach & Henry O. Pollakowski & Daniel H. Weinberg, 2018. "Job Displacement and the Duration of Joblessness: The Role of Spatial Mismatch," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 100(2), pages 203-218, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:100:y:2018:i:2:p:203-218
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    File URL: http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1162/REST_a_00707
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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