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Sortir du chômage en Île-de-France. Disparités territoriales, spatial mismatch et ségrégation résidentielle

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  • Emmanuel Duguet
  • Yannick L’Horty
  • Florent Sari

Abstract

The aim of our research is to explain spatial disparities of unemployment-to-work transitions in Paris region (Île-de-France). We are using exhaustive administrative data sets concerning unemployed seeking a job within the French civil service (through Agence nationale pour l’emploi) in order to estimate duration models that allow to assess unemployment-to-work hazard rates for each Paris region’s municipalities. The region shows very strong local disparities between municipalities even if we control for differences in terms of age, sex, skills. This confirms the existence of a specific territorial effect. The region displays a concentric logical: in the center and in the far away periphery, unemployment-to-work transitions are rarer than in an intermediate area. The farthest municipalities from the center are generally characterized by high unemployment duration. In order to explain this geography, we are interesting to the effects of the urban structure on unemployment-to-work transitions. While some municipalities seem to suffer from poor physical connection to job opportunities, for others we can refer to residential segregation effects. Classification JEL : C41, J64, R1.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2009. "Sortir du chômage en Île-de-France. Disparités territoriales, spatial mismatch et ségrégation résidentielle," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(4), pages 979-1010.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_604_0979
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Patrick Bajari & C. Lanier Benkard & Jonathan Levin, 2007. "Estimating Dynamic Models of Imperfect Competition," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(5), pages 1331-1370, September.
    2. Gasmi, F & Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Sharkey, W W, 1997. "Incentive Regulation and the Cost Structure of the Local Telephone Exchange Network," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 5-25, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Loïc Du Parquet & Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2010. "Être mobile pour trouver un emploi ? Les enseignements d’une expérimentation en région parisienne," Documents de recherche 10-08, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    2. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Le grand Paris de l’emploi," TEPP Research Report 2011-13, TEPP.
    3. Matthieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-22, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    4. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2015. "Crise économique, durée du chômage et accès local à l’emploi : Eléments d’analyse et pistes d’actions de politique," TEPP Research Report 2015-04, TEPP.
    5. Yannick L'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00812113, HAL.
    6. Louafi Bouzouina & Nathalie Havet & Pascal Pochet, 2015. "Mobilité quotidienne des actifs résidant en zones urbaines sensibles et accès à l'emploi : Une analyse économétrique à partir de l'Enquête Ménages Déplacements de Lyon," Working Papers halshs-01143900, HAL.
    7. Nathalie Georges & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2015. "Comment réduire la fracture spatiale ? Une application en Île-de-France," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(1), pages 17-37.
    8. Yannick L'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Florent Sari, 2015. "Les effets de la crise sur les disparités locales de sortie du chômage : une première exploration en Rhône-Alpes," TEPP Research Report 2015-01, TEPP.
    9. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2014. "Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 51(6), pages 1322-1338, May.
    10. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Pourquoi tant de chômeurs à Paris ?," Working Papers halshs-00744900, HAL.
    11. Yannick L'Horty, 2014. "La persistance du chômage ultra-marin," TEPP Research Report 2014-05, TEPP.
    12. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2015. "Why are there so many long-term unemployed in Paris?," TEPP Working Paper 2015-01, TEPP.
    13. Emmanuel Duguet & Antoine Goujard & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2009. "Elaborer un diagnostic territorial sur l’emploi à partir de sources administratives exhaustives : une application en Languedoc-Roussillon," Documents de recherche 09-06, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    14. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2015. "Spatial mismatch through local public employment agencies Answers from a French quasi-experiment Spatial Mismatch through Local Public Employment Agencies? Answers from a French Quasi-Experiment," Working Papers hal-01292103, HAL.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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