Sortir du chômage en Île-de-France. Disparités territoriales, spatial mismatch et ségrégation résidentielle
The aim of our research is to explain spatial disparities of unemployment-to-work transitions in Paris region (Île-de-France). We are using exhaustive administrative data sets concerning unemployed seeking a job within the French civil service (through Agence nationale pour l’emploi) in order to estimate duration models that allow to assess unemployment-to-work hazard rates for each Paris region’s municipalities. The region shows very strong local disparities between municipalities even if we control for differences in terms of age, sex, skills. This confirms the existence of a specific territorial effect. The region displays a concentric logical: in the center and in the far away periphery, unemployment-to-work transitions are rarer than in an intermediate area. The farthest municipalities from the center are generally characterized by high unemployment duration. In order to explain this geography, we are interesting to the effects of the urban structure on unemployment-to-work transitions. While some municipalities seem to suffer from poor physical connection to job opportunities, for others we can refer to residential segregation effects. Classification JEL : C41, J64, R1.
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