IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/gat/wpaper/1511.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Mobilité quotidienne des actifs résidant en zones urbaines sensibles et accès à l’emploi : Une analyse économétrique à partir de l’Enquête Ménages Déplacements de Lyon

Author

Listed:
  • Louafi Bouzouina

    (Laboratoire d’Economie des Transports, ENTPE, Université de Lyon, CNRS, Rue Maurice Audin, 69 518 VAUX-EN-VELIN Cedex)

  • Nathalie Havet

    (Université de Lyon, F-69007, France; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne, 93, Chemin des Mouilles, F-69130, Ecully, France)

  • Pascal Pochet

    (Laboratoire d’Economie des Transports, ENTPE, Université de Lyon, CNRS, Rue Maurice Audin, 69 518 VAUX-EN-VELIN Cedex)

Abstract

Alors que le désenclavement des zones urbaines sensibles est l’un des objectifs de la politique de la ville, visant notamment à favoriser l’accès à l’emploi, très peu travaux s’intéressent à l’analyse des pratiques de mobilité de leurs habitants. En se focalisant sur la population des actifs de l’aire urbaine de Lyon, l’objectif de cet article est de tester l’impact du lieu de résidence, à travers la distinction ZUS/non ZUS, sur leur mobilité quotidienne et celle liée au travail en particulier. L’analyse repose sur la dernière Enquête Ménages Déplacements lyonnaise (2006) enrichie d’autres sources de données spatialisées. Les résultats des modèles multivariés montrent que le fait d’habiter un quartier ZUS réduit le nombre de déplacements des actifs, mais aussi leur distance et leur temps au quotidien. En revanche, quand il s’agit de la seule mobilité domicile-travail, les actifs de ces quartiers sont amenés à parcourir de plus longues distances. Ces résultats laissent entrevoir les difficultés spécifiques des actifs dans les zones urbaines défavorisées en matière de mobilité quotidienne et d’accès à l’emploi et aux aménités.

Suggested Citation

  • Louafi Bouzouina & Nathalie Havet & Pascal Pochet, 2015. "Mobilité quotidienne des actifs résidant en zones urbaines sensibles et accès à l’emploi : Une analyse économétrique à partir de l’Enquête Ménages Déplacements de Lyon," Working Papers 1511, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
  • Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:1511
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: ftp://ftp.gate.cnrs.fr/RePEc/2015/1511.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nathalie Havet, 2015. "L’impact des politiques d’exonérations territoriales : méthodes d’évaluation et résultats," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(1), pages 117-141.
    2. Grengs, Joe, 2010. "Job accessibility and the modal mismatch in Detroit," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 42-54.
    3. Hellerstein, Judith K. & Neumark, David & McInerney, Melissa, 2008. "Spatial mismatch or racial mismatch?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 464-479, September.
    4. Emre Korsu & Sandrine Wenglenski, 2010. "Job Accessibility, Residential Segregation and Risk of Long-term Unemployment in the Paris Region," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(11), pages 2279-2324, October.
    5. Raphael, Steven, 1998. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis and Black Youth Joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 79-111, January.
    6. Laurent Gobillon & Thierry Magnac & Harris Selod, 2011. "The effect of location on finding a job in the Paris region," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(7), pages 1079-1112, November.
    7. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod & Yves Zenou, 2007. "The Mechanisms of Spatial Mismatch," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 44(12), pages 2401-2427, November.
    8. Roberto Camagni & Maria Cristina Gibelli & Paolo Rigamonti, 2002. "Forme urbaine et mobilité : les coûts collectifs des différents types d'extension urbaine dans l'agglomération milanaise," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(1), pages 105-139.
    9. Nathalie Gaussier & Frédéric Gaschet, 2005. "Les échelles du mauvais appariement spatial au sein de l'agglomération bordelaise," Post-Print hal-00168010, HAL.
    10. Idlir Licaj & Mohamed Mouloud Haddak & Pascal Pochet & Mireille Chiron, 2012. "Individual and contextual socioeconomic disadvantages and car driving between 16 and 24 years of age: a multilevel study in the Rhône Département (France)," Post-Print halshs-00657323, HAL.
    11. Domingues Dos Santos, Manon & L’Horty, Yannick & Tovar, Elisabeth, 2012. "Ségrégation urbaine et accès à l'emploi : Une introduction," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Editions NecPlus, vol. 2010(01), pages 4-25, April.
    12. Roland Rathelot & Patrick Sillard, 2008. "Zones Franches Urbaines : quels effets sur l'emploi salarié et les créations d'établissements ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 415(1), pages 81-96.
    13. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 19-38.
    14. Boarnet, Marlon & Crane, Randall, 2001. "The influence of land use on travel behavior: specification and estimation strategies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 823-845, November.
    15. Ortega, Javier, 2000. "Pareto-Improving Immigration in an Economy with Equilibrium Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(460), pages 92-112, January.
    16. Jan K. Brueckner & Yves Zenou, 2003. "Space and Unemployment: The Labor-Market Effects of Spatial Mismatch," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 242-262, January.
    17. Nathalie Gaussier & Frédéric Gaschet, 2003. "Ségrégation urbaine et marchés du travail au sein de l'aire urbaine bordelaise: quelle portée pour l'hypothèse de mauvais appariement spatial ?," Post-Print hal-00168032, HAL.
    18. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2009. "Sortir du chômage en Île-de-France. Disparités territoriales, spatial mismatch et ségrégation résidentielle," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(4), pages 979-1010.
    19. Coulson, N Edward & Laing, Derek & Wang, Ping, 2001. "Spatial Mismatch in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(4), pages 949-972, October.
    20. Dominique Mignot, 2008. "Infrastructures de transports : investir dans les banlieues et les espaces périphériques ?," Post-Print halshs-00264273, HAL.
    21. Marko Kryvobokov & Louafi Bouzouina, 2014. "Willingness to pay for accessibility under the conditions of residential segregation," International Journal of Strategic Property Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 101-115, June.
    22. Denis Maguain, 2006. "Discrimination positive: un bilan des expériences américaines et européennes," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 21(2), pages 147-193.
    23. Brian D. Taylor & Paul M. Ong, 1995. "Spatial Mismatch or Automobile Mismatch? An Examination of Race, Residence and Commuting in US Metropolitan Areas," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 32(9), pages 1453-1473, November.
    24. Marko Kryvobokov & Louafi Bouzouina, 2014. "Willingness to pay for accessibility under the conditions of residential segregation," Post-Print halshs-01082820, HAL.
    25. Paolo Veneri, 2010. "Urban Polycentricity and the Costs of Commuting: Evidence from Italian Metropolitan Areas," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(3), pages 403-429, September.
    26. Weinberg, Bruce A., 2000. "Black Residential Centralization and the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 110-134, July.
    27. Brueckner, Jan K. & Martin, Richard W., 1997. "Spatial mismatch: An equilibrium analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 693-714, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Nathalie Havet & Alexis Penot & Morgane Plantier, 2015. "Le devenir professionnel des bénéficiaires des clauses d'insertion des marchés publics après leur sortie du dispositif," Working Papers halshs-01148478, HAL.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod & Yves Zenou, 2007. "The Mechanisms of Spatial Mismatch," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 44(12), pages 2401-2427, November.
    2. Olof Åslund & John Östh & Yves Zenou, 2010. "How important is access to jobs? Old question--improved answer," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(3), pages 389-422, May.
    3. Harris Selod & Laurent Gobillon, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 19-38.
    4. Florent Sari & Yannick l'Horty, 2015. "Why are there so many long-term unemployed in Paris?," Working Papers halshs-01102753, HAL.
    5. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "The Effects of Segregation and Spatial Mismatch on Unemployment : Evidence from France," Working Papers 2007-04, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    6. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod & Yves Zenou, 2002. "Spatial Mismatch : From the Hypothesis of the Theories," Working Papers 2002-57, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    7. Souleymane Mbaye, 2019. "Trois évaluations d’actions de lutte contre les discriminations," Erudite Ph.D Dissertations, Erudite, number ph19-01 edited by Pascale Petit, October.
    8. Nathalie Havet & Alexis Penot & Morgane Plantier, 2015. "Le devenir professionnel des bénéficiaires des clauses d'insertion des marchés publics après leur sortie du dispositif," Working Papers halshs-01148478, HAL.
    9. Tito Boeri & Marta De Philippis & Eleonora Patacchini & Michele Pellizzari, 2015. "Immigration, Housing Discrimination and Employment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 125(586), pages 82-114, August.
    10. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Le grand Paris de l’emploi," TEPP Research Report 2011-13, TEPP.
    11. Karner, Alex & Niemeier, Deb, 2013. "Civil rights guidance and equity analysis methods for regional transportation plans: a critical review of literature and practice," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 126-134.
    12. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201212, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    13. Alivon, Fanny & Guillain, Rachel, 2018. "Urban segregation and unemployment: A case study of the urban area of Marseille – Aix-en-Provence (France)," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 143-155.
    14. Yannick L'Horty & Mathieu Bunel & Pascale Petit, 2019. "Testing for redlining in the labour market," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 153-173, April.
    15. Nathalie Georges & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2015. "Comment réduire la fracture spatiale ? Une application en Île-de-France," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(1), pages 17-37.
    16. Yannick l'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loic Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00812113, HAL.
    17. Picard, Pierre M. & Zenou, Yves, 2018. "Urban spatial structure, employment and social ties," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 77-93.
    18. Louafi Bouzouina & Dominique Mignot, 2005. "Disparités de revenus à différentes échelles spatiales en France de 1985 à 2001," Post-Print halshs-00108437, HAL.
    19. Weinberg, Bruce A., 2004. "Testing the spatial mismatch hypothesis using inter-city variations in industrial composition," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 505-532, September.
    20. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2012. "Do unemployed workers benefit from enterprise zones? The French experience," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(9-10), pages 881-892.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mobilité quotidienne; domicile-travail; actifs; ZUS; Enquête ménages déplacements; spatial mismatch; facteurs individuels; facteurs contextuels; modélisation économétrique;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • J48 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Particular Labor Markets; Public Policy
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:1511. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/gateefr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Nelly Wirth (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/gateefr.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.