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Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne

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  • Harris Selod
  • Laurent Gobillon

Abstract

[eng] This article studies the effect of residential segregation and spatial mismatch (physical distance from the workplace) on unemployment. We begin with a brief summary of the economic literature on these issues. We then offer descriptive statistics to characterize the scope of residential segregation and spatial mismatch in the Paris region (Île-de-France) using 1999 census data and inter-city travel-time matrices for 2000. We conclude by estimating the effect of the local context (segregation and spatial mismatch ) on unemployment / employment transitions in the Paris region, using 1990-2002 Labor-Force Survey data. Our results show that unemployed persons in segregated districts have greater difficulty in finding new jobs. [fre] Cet article étudie l’effet de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux lieux d’emploi sur le chômage. Nous présentons tout d’abord une brève synthèse de la littérature économique portant sur ces questions. Nous proposons ensuite des statistiques descriptives caractérisant l’ampleur de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux emplois en Île-de-France en utilisant les données du recensement de 1999 et des matrices de temps de déplacement intercommunal de 2000. Nous estimons finalement l’effet du contexte local (ségrégation et déconnexion aux emplois) sur les transitions chômage / emploi en Île-de-France en utilisant les données de l’Enquête Emploi de 1990 à 2002. Nos résultats montrent que les chômeurs des quartiers ségrégués ont plus de mal à retrouver un emploi.

Suggested Citation

  • Harris Selod & Laurent Gobillon, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 19-38.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2007_num_180_4_7670
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2007.7670
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2008. "Residential Segregation and Unemployment: The Case of Brussels," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(1), pages 89-113, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2012. "Do unemployed workers benefit from enterprise zones? The French experience," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(9-10), pages 881-892.
    2. Matthieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-22, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    3. Louafi Bouzouina & Nathalie Havet & Pascal Pochet, 2015. "Mobilité quotidienne des actifs résidant en zones urbaines sensibles et accès à l'emploi : Une analyse économétrique à partir de l'Enquête Ménages Déplacements de Lyon," Working Papers halshs-01143900, HAL.

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