IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne

  • Harris Selod
  • Laurent Gobillon

[eng] This article studies the effect of residential segregation and spatial mismatch (physical distance from the workplace) on unemployment. We begin with a brief summary of the economic literature on these issues. We then offer descriptive statistics to characterize the scope of residential segregation and spatial mismatch in the Paris region (Île-de-France) using 1999 census data and inter-city travel-time matrices for 2000. We conclude by estimating the effect of the local context (segregation and spatial mismatch ) on unemployment / employment transitions in the Paris region, using 1990-2002 Labor-Force Survey data. Our results show that unemployed persons in segregated districts have greater difficulty in finding new jobs. [fre] Cet article étudie l’effet de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux lieux d’emploi sur le chômage. Nous présentons tout d’abord une brève synthèse de la littérature économique portant sur ces questions. Nous proposons ensuite des statistiques descriptives caractérisant l’ampleur de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux emplois en Île-de-France en utilisant les données du recensement de 1999 et des matrices de temps de déplacement intercommunal de 2000. Nous estimons finalement l’effet du contexte local (ségrégation et déconnexion aux emplois) sur les transitions chômage / emploi en Île-de-France en utilisant les données de l’Enquête Emploi de 1990 à 2002. Nos résultats montrent que les chômeurs des quartiers ségrégués ont plus de mal à retrouver un emploi.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 180 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 19-38

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2007_num_180_4_7670
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2007.7670
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. DUJARDIN, Claire & SELOD, Harris & THOMAS, Isabelle, . "Residential segregation and unemployment: The case of Brussels," CORE Discussion Papers RP 2010, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2004. "Le chômage dans l'agglomération bruxelloise : une explication par la structure urbaine," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(1), pages 3-27.
  3. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2006. "Equilibrium search unemployment with explicit spatial frictions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 143-165, April.
  4. Harry J. Holzer, 1986. "Search Method Use by Unemployed Youth," NBER Working Papers 1859, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Schwartz, Aba, 1973. "Interpreting the Effect of Distance on Migration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(5), pages 1153-69, Sept.-Oct.
  6. Claire Dujardin & Florence Goffette-Nagot, 2006. "Neighborhood Effects, Public Housing and Unemployment in France," ERSA conference papers ersa06p362, European Regional Science Association.
  7. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R., 1997. "Information on the Spatial Distribution of Job Opportunities within Metropolitan Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 218-242, March.
  8. Brueckner, Jan & Zenou, Yves, 2000. "Space And Unemployment: The Labour-Market Effects Of Spatial Mismatch," CEPR Discussion Papers 2397, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2002. "Does City Structure Affect Job Search and Welfare?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 515-541, May.
  10. Harry J. Holzer, 1986. "Informal Job Search and Black Youth Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 1860, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Coulson, N Edward & Laing, Derek & Wang, Ping, 2001. "Spatial Mismatch in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(4), pages 949-72, October.
  12. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Jacob L. Vigdor, 1997. "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto," NBER Working Papers 5881, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Zenou, Yves, 2002. "How do Firms Redline Workers?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3209, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Laurent Gobillon & Thierry Magnac & Harris Selod, 2011. "The effect of location on finding a job in the Paris region," Post-Print halshs-00826222, HAL.
  15. Rogers, Cynthia L., 1997. "Job Search and Unemployment Duration: Implications for the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 109-132, July.
  16. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2007. "The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Greater Paris Area," IZA Discussion Papers 2848, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  17. Fougère, Denis & Kramarz, Francis & Pouget, Julien, 2006. "Youth Unemployment and Crime in France," CEPR Discussion Papers 5600, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  18. Laurent Gobillon, 2001. "Emploi, logement et mobilité résidentielle," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 77-98.
  19. Dominique Goux & Eric Maurin, 2006. "Close neighbours matter: neighbourhood effects on early performance at school," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19412, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  20. Mortensen, D. T. & Vishwanath, T., 1995. "Personal contacts and earnings: It is who you know!," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 103-104, March.
  21. Eloi Laurent & Joël Maurice & Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2004. "Ségrégation urbaine et intégration sociale," Working Papers hal-00972694, HAL.
  22. repec:inr:wpaper:155412 is not listed on IDEAS
  23. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Search Activities, Cost of Living and Local Labor Markets," Working Paper Series 607, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  24. Harris SELOD & Yves ZENOU, 2001. "Social Interactions, Ethnic Minorities and Urban Unemployment," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 63-64, pages 183-214.
  25. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R & Sjoquist, David L, 1990. "Job Accessibility and Racial Differences in Youth Employment Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 267-76, March.
  26. Ortega, Javier, 2000. "Pareto-Improving Immigration in an Economy with Equilibrium Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(460), pages 92-112, January.
  27. Brueckner, Jan K. & Martin, Richard W., 1997. "Spatial mismatch: An equilibrium analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 693-714, November.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2007_num_180_4_7670. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.