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Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne

  • Laurent Gobillon
  • Harris Selod

[eng] This article studies the effect of residential segregation and spatial mismatch (physical distance from the workplace) on unemployment. We begin with a brief summary of the economic literature on these issues. We then offer descriptive statistics to characterize the scope of residential segregation and spatial mismatch in the Paris region (Île-de-France) using 1999 census data and inter-city travel-time matrices for 2000. We conclude by estimating the effect of the local context (segregation and spatial mismatch ) on unemployment / employment transitions in the Paris region, using 1990-2002 Labor-Force Survey data. Our results show that unemployed persons in segregated districts have greater difficulty in finding new jobs. [fre] Cet article étudie l’effet de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux lieux d’emploi sur le chômage. Nous présentons tout d’abord une brève synthèse de la littérature économique portant sur ces questions. Nous proposons ensuite des statistiques descriptives caractérisant l’ampleur de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux emplois en Île-de-France en utilisant les données du recensement de 1999 et des matrices de temps de déplacement intercommunal de 2000. Nous estimons finalement l’effet du contexte local (ségrégation et déconnexion aux emplois) sur les transitions chômage / emploi en Île-de-France en utilisant les données de l’Enquête Emploi de 1990 à 2002. Nos résultats montrent que les chômeurs des quartiers ségrégués ont plus de mal à retrouver un emploi.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.2007.7670
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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 180 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 19-38

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2007_num_180_4_7670
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2007.7670
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2004. "Le chômage dans l'agglomération bruxelloise : une explication par la structure urbaine," Working Papers 155412, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
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  9. Laurent Gobillon, 2001. "Emploi, logement et mobilité résidentielle," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 77-98.
  10. Jan K. Brueckner & Yves Zenou, 2003. "Space and Unemployment: The Labor-Market Effects of Spatial Mismatch," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 242-262, January.
  11. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2004. "Le chômage dans l'agglomération bruxelloise : une explication par la structure urbaine," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(1), pages 3-27.
  12. Rogers, Cynthia L., 1997. "Job Search and Unemployment Duration: Implications for the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 109-132, July.
  13. Eloi Laurent & Joël Maurice & Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2004. "Ségrégation urbaine et intégration sociale," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3542, Sciences Po.
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  15. Laurent Gobillon & Thierry Magnac & Harris Selod, 2007. "The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Paris Region," Working Papers 2007-05, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  16. Harris SELOD & Yves ZENOU, 2001. "Social Interactions, Ethnic Minorities and Urban Unemployment," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 63-64, pages 183-214.
  17. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Jacob L. Vigdor, 1999. "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 455-506, June.
  18. Schwartz, Aba, 1973. "Interpreting the Effect of Distance on Migration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(5), pages 1153-69, Sept.-Oct.
  19. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2008. "Residential Segregation and Unemployment: The Case of Brussels," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(1), pages 89-113, January.
  20. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R & Sjoquist, David L, 1990. "Job Accessibility and Racial Differences in Youth Employment Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 267-76, March.
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  22. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R., 1997. "Information on the Spatial Distribution of Job Opportunities within Metropolitan Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 218-242, March.
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