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Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne

  • Laurent Gobillon
  • Harris Selod

[eng] This article studies the effect of residential segregation and spatial mismatch (physical distance from the workplace) on unemployment. We begin with a brief summary of the economic literature on these issues. We then offer descriptive statistics to characterize the scope of residential segregation and spatial mismatch in the Paris region (Île-de-France) using 1999 census data and inter-city travel-time matrices for 2000. We conclude by estimating the effect of the local context (segregation and spatial mismatch ) on unemployment / employment transitions in the Paris region, using 1990-2002 Labor-Force Survey data. Our results show that unemployed persons in segregated districts have greater difficulty in finding new jobs. [fre] Cet article étudie l’effet de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux lieux d’emploi sur le chômage. Nous présentons tout d’abord une brève synthèse de la littérature économique portant sur ces questions. Nous proposons ensuite des statistiques descriptives caractérisant l’ampleur de la ségrégation résidentielle et de la déconnexion physique aux emplois en Île-de-France en utilisant les données du recensement de 1999 et des matrices de temps de déplacement intercommunal de 2000. Nous estimons finalement l’effet du contexte local (ségrégation et déconnexion aux emplois) sur les transitions chômage / emploi en Île-de-France en utilisant les données de l’Enquête Emploi de 1990 à 2002. Nos résultats montrent que les chômeurs des quartiers ségrégués ont plus de mal à retrouver un emploi.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 180 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 19-38

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2007_num_180_4_7670
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2007.7670
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Search Activities, Cost of Living and Local Labor Markets," Working Paper Series 607, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2007. "The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Paris Region," CEPR Discussion Papers 6199, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Denis Fougère & Francis Kramarz & Julien Pouget, 2007. "Youth Unemployment and Crime in France," Working Papers 2007-33, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
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  8. Florence Goffette-Nagot & Claire Dujardin, 2006. "Neighborhood effects, public housing and unemployment in France," Post-Print halshs-00133854, HAL.
  9. DUJARDIN, Claire & SELOD, Harris & THOMAS, Isabelle, . "Le chômage dans l'agglomération bruxelloise: une explication par la structure urbaine," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1821, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  10. Zenou, Yves, 2002. "How Do Firms Redline Workers?," IZA Discussion Papers 607, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Harris SELOD & Yves ZENOU, 2001. "Social Interactions, Ethnic Minorities and Urban Unemployment," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 63-64, pages 183-214.
  12. Brueckner, Jan & Zenou, Yves, 2000. "Space And Unemployment: The Labour-Market Effects Of Spatial Mismatch," CEPR Discussion Papers 2397, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. Laurent Gobillon, 2001. "Emploi, logement et mobilité résidentielle," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 77-98.
  14. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2002. "Does City Structure Affect Job Search and Welfare?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 515-541, May.
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  17. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R., 1997. "Information on the Spatial Distribution of Job Opportunities within Metropolitan Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 218-242, March.
  18. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2008. "Residential Segregation and Unemployment: The Case of Brussels," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 45(1), pages 89-113, January.
  19. Cutler, David & Vigdor, Jacob & Glaeser, Edward, 1999. "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto," Scholarly Articles 2770033, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  20. Coulson, N Edward & Laing, Derek & Wang, Ping, 2001. "Spatial Mismatch in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(4), pages 949-72, October.
  21. Eloi Laurent & Joël Maurice & Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2004. "Ségrégation urbaine et intégration sociale," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3542, Sciences Po.
  22. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2007. "The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Greater Paris Area," IZA Discussion Papers 2848, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  23. Schwartz, Aba, 1973. "Interpreting the Effect of Distance on Migration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(5), pages 1153-69, Sept.-Oct.
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  25. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2004. "Equilibrium Search Unemployment With Explicit Spatial Frictions," CEPR Discussion Papers 4743, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  26. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2004. "Le chômage dans l'agglomération bruxelloise : une explication par la structure urbaine," Working Papers 155412, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
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