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Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region

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  • Mathieu Bunel

    (UFR de sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, CREM-CNRS, UMR 6211)

  • Elisabeth Tovar

    (Laboratoire EconomiX (UMR 7235), Université Paris Ouest, France)

Abstract

This paper focuses on local job accessibility measurement. We propose an original model that allows for: a full estimation of job availability according to an extensive set of individual characteristics; a full appraisal of job competition on the labour market; a full control of frontier effects. By matching several exhaustive micro-data sources on the Paris region municipalities, we compare the results produced by this benchmark model to alternative models. We show that the model may indeed make the results as far as local job accessibility is concerned. Significant empirical differences do stem from the use of different Local Job Accessibility measures. Moreover, these differences are spatially differentiated across the Paris region municipalities. In particular, we show that failing to use a model where job availability is fully estimated according to individual characteristics may lead to the over-estimation of the job accessibility levels of notably under-privileged municipalities.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201212, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  • Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:201212
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    job accessibility measurement; Paris Region; benchmarking; geo-referenced micro-data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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