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Individual and contextual socioeconomic disadvantages and car driving between 16 and 24 years of age: a multilevel study in the Rhône Département (France)

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  • Idlir Licaj

    () (UMRESTTE - Unité Mixte de Recherche Epidémiologique et de Surveillance Transport Travail Environnement - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - IFSTTAR - Institut Français des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux)

  • Mohamed Mouloud Haddak

    () (UMRESTTE UMR T9405 - Unité Mixte de Recherche Epidémiologique et de Surveillance Transport Travail Environnement - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - IFSTTAR - Institut Français des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux - Université de Lyon)

  • Pascal Pochet

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Mireille Chiron

    () (UMRESTTE - Unité Mixte de Recherche Epidémiologique et de Surveillance Transport Travail Environnement - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - IFSTTAR - Institut Français des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Aménagement et des Réseaux)

Abstract

This paper sets out to highlight and quantify the effect of individual and contextual deprivation on both access to a car driving licence and on actual driving of a car among young licence-holders in the Rhône département (France). The three stages by which adolescents and very young adults become autonomous with regard to driving have been subjected to multilevel analyses, using a Household Travel Survey: i) whether young persons participate in the early driving scheme at 16-17 years of age, ii) whether young persons of 18-24 years of age hold a driving licence, and iii) whether young licence-holders actually drive a car. At these three stages, social inequalities can be observed. This study highlights the considerable impact socioeconomic (individual but also contextual) factors and gender have on inequalities of access to car driving. Underprivileged groups suffer from disadvantages that accumulate at each stage (driving licence and car driving). The multilevel analysis of access to the car among young persons shows that considering the effects of the geographical context improves our understanding of travel inequalities.

Suggested Citation

  • Idlir Licaj & Mohamed Mouloud Haddak & Pascal Pochet & Mireille Chiron, 2012. "Individual and contextual socioeconomic disadvantages and car driving between 16 and 24 years of age: a multilevel study in the Rhône Département (France)," Post-Print halshs-00657323, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00657323
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2011.11.018
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00657323
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    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00657323/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:transa:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:24-40 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Alexa Delbosc & Graham Currie, 2014. "Changing demographics and young adult driver license decline in Melbourne, Australia (1994–2009)," Transportation, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 529-542, May.
    3. Louafi Bouzouina & Nathalie Havet & Pascal Pochet, 2015. "Mobilité quotidienne des actifs résidant en zones urbaines sensibles et accès à l'emploi : Une analyse économétrique à partir de l'Enquête Ménages Déplacements de Lyon," Working Papers halshs-01143900, HAL.
    4. repec:spr:soinre:v:137:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-017-1616-2 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    deprivation; driving license; car driving; car ownership; young; multilevel analysis; household travel survey;

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