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A comparative evaluation of mobility conditions in selected cities of the five Brazilian regions

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  • Rodrigues da Silva, Antônio Nélson
  • Azevedo Filho, Mario Angelo Nunes de
  • Macêdo, Márcia Helena
  • Sorratini, José Aparecido
  • da Silva, Ary Ferreira
  • Lima, Josiane Palma
  • Pinheiro, Ana Maria Guerra Serafico

Abstract

This study evaluates and compares the mobility conditions of cities of the five Brazilian macroregions based on the outcomes of the Index of Sustainable Urban Mobility (I_SUM). The Index, applied in Belém, Curitiba, Goiânia, Juazeiro do Norte, Uberlândia and Itajubá, has a hierarchical structure formed by nine Domains, 37 Themes and 87 Indicators. The study involved two phases. In the first, the existence of data required for the application of the index in the cities was investigated, considering two criteria: data availability and data quality. Next, an extensive data collection procedure was conducted and the index values were calculated. The availability of the mobility information needed for the construction of the Index was used to explore which were the domains with missing information in each city or how the information was collected in the different cities. The mobility conditions in the selected cities were also compared so that the aspects that might drive some of them towards sustainable mobility could be identified. In general, the cities located in the wealthier part of the country performed better. The city sizes also seem to have affected their performance. The differences regarding the context are also among the highlighted aspects, given the marked regional dissimilarities among the cities that affect the availability and quality of the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodrigues da Silva, Antônio Nélson & Azevedo Filho, Mario Angelo Nunes de & Macêdo, Márcia Helena & Sorratini, José Aparecido & da Silva, Ary Ferreira & Lima, Josiane Palma & Pinheiro, Ana Maria Guerr, 2015. "A comparative evaluation of mobility conditions in selected cities of the five Brazilian regions," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 147-156.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:37:y:2015:i:c:p:147-156
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2014.10.017
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. da Silva, Antônio Nélson Rodrigues & da Silva Costa, Marcela & Macedo, Márcia Helena, 2008. "Multiple views of sustainable urban mobility: The case of Brazil," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 350-360, November.
    2. Jean-Pierre Nicolas & Pascal Pochet & Hélène Poimboeuf, 2003. "Towards Sustainable Mobility Indicators: Application to the Lyons Conurbation," Post-Print halshs-00068232, HAL.
    3. Nicolas, J. -P. & Pochet, P. & Poimboeuf, H., 2003. "Towards sustainable mobility indicators: application to the Lyons conurbation," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 197-208, July.
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2015:i:1:p:29:d:61481 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Dominique Gillis & Ivana Semanjski & Dirk Lauwers, 2015. "How to Monitor Sustainable Mobility in Cities? Literature Review in the Frame of Creating a Set of Sustainable Mobility Indicators," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(1), pages 1-30, December.

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