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Être mobile pour trouver un emploi ? Les enseignements d'une expérimentation en région parisienne

Listed author(s):
  • Loïc Du Parquet

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, GAINS - Groupe d'Analyse des Itinéraires et des Niveaux Salariaux - UM - Université du Maine)

  • Emmanuel Duguet

    ()

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

  • Yannick L'Horty

    ()

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

  • Pascale Petit

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, EPEE - Centre d'Etudes des Politiques Economiques - UEVE - Université d'Évry-Val-d'Essonne)

  • Florent Sari

    (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l’Utilisation des Données Individuelles en lien avec la Théorie Economique - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12)

We measure hiring discrimination based on gender and the applicant's mobility, as indicated in his/her resume (car and motorcycle driving licenses mentioned or not in the CV). A correspondence testing was performed to examine access to job interviews of young management accountants living in Paris (300 jobs tested). A high mobility signal has no significant effect on access to job interviews for male applicants. However, for women, the same signal decreases the probability to receive a job interview. In a profession dominated by women, where women do have actually a higher success rate than men in access to a job interview, the mere display of a motorcycle license by a woman causes her to lose its comparative advantage vis-à-vis men. Everything happens as if the signal ability with mobility, shown in the display of a license A and B, was seen by employers as a gender attribute. A woman reporting a motorcycle license is considered by the employer as the equal of a man, which in this case, reduces her chances of being invited to an interview.

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File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00744936/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00744936.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
Publication status: Published in 2011
Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00744936
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00744936
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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  1. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2009. "Sortir du chômage en Île-de-France. Disparités territoriales, spatial mismatch et ségrégation résidentielle," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(4), pages 979-1010.
  2. Emmanuel Duguet & Pascale Petit, 2005. "Hiring discrimination in the French financial sector: an econometric analysis on field experiment data," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 78, pages 79-102.
  3. Raphael, Steven & Rice, Lorien, 2002. "Car ownership, employment, and earnings," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 109-130, July.
  4. Emmanuel Duguet & Antoine Goujard & Yannick L’Horty, 2008. "Les inégalités territoriales d'accès à l'emploi : une exploration à partir de sources administratives exhaustives," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 415(1), pages 17-44.
  5. Sandra Cavaco & Jean-Yves Lesueur, 2004. "Contraintes spatiales et durée de chômage," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 18(3), pages 229-257.
  6. repec:adr:anecst:y:2005:i:78:p:04 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Gurley, Tami & Bruce, Donald, 2005. "The effects of car access on employment outcomes for welfare recipients," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 250-272, September.
  8. Paul M. Ong, 2002. "Car ownership and welfare-to-work," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(2), pages 239-252.
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