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Contraintes spatiales et durée de chômage

  • Jean-Yves Lesueur
  • Sandra Cavaco

[fre] Sandra Cavaco Jean-Yves Lesueur Contraintes spatiales et durée de chômage. L'étude des effets des contraintes spatiales rencontrées par les demandeurs d'emploi au cours de leur prospection sur les conditions d'accès à l'emploi est restée peu explorée par la littérature. Ainsi, le lieu de résidence, les modes de déplacement, l'éloigne- ment des zones de concentration des emplois comme des agences publiques de placement sont autant de facteurs qui peuvent influencer la durée de la recherche d'emploi. Tel est l'enjeu de cet article où un survol des tentatives d'intégration des contraintes spatiales dans un modèle de recherche d'emploi est tout d'abord proposé. Les estimations non-paramétrique et paramétrique de modèles de durée à partir des données de l'enquête « Trajectoires des demandeurs d'emploi — marchés locaux du travail » de la Dares permettent ensuite de mettre en évidence l'effet particulièrement discriminant des contraintes spatiales au cours de la recherche sur la durée des épisodes de chômage. [eng] Spadal Constraint and Unemployment Duration. Individual transition from unemployment to employment is conditioned by various elements. If some of them concern directly the individual characteristics of workers, other ones implicate indeed their environment when searching for a job. The residential location, in town centre or in suburbs and high travel distances to each labour market areas or public intermediates for example are factors which can influence the exit rate of unemployment. Dealing with such an issue is the purpose of the paper. In a first stage we present a survey of the literature that treat about the introduction of spatial constraint in job search model. In a second stage, using the survey « Trajectoires des demandeurs d'emploi — marchés locaux du travail » from the French Ministry of Employment, we proposed non-parametric and parametric estimation of duration model to analyse the influence of spatial constraints during job search on unemployment duration.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 18 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 229-257

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2004_num_18_3_1533
Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2004.1533
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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