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Le Statut Résidentiel Affecte-t-il la Durée de Chômage ? Estimation microéconométrique de l’hypothèse d’Oswald sur données françaises

Author

Listed:
  • Carole Brunet

    () (GATE CNRS Université Lyon 2)

  • Jean-Yves Lesueur

    ()

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to provide microeconomic evidence for “Oswald’s hypothesis”, which is whether homeownership results in negative outcomes in the labour market. In a first step, a probit model for the choice of tenure status is estimated. The estimated probability of being a homeowner is then used to explain the length of an individual unemployment spell. This flexible method of estimation accounts for both censoring and selection bias, without constraining the shape of the hazard rate of leaving unemployment. Results from a 3,965 individuals French data set based on “TDE-MLT” survey suggest that home-ownership has a positive effect on unemployment duration, that is Oswald’s hypothesis is not invalidated.

Suggested Citation

  • Carole Brunet & Jean-Yves Lesueur, 2003. "Le Statut Résidentiel Affecte-t-il la Durée de Chômage ? Estimation microéconométrique de l’hypothèse d’Oswald sur données françaises," Working Papers 0302, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
  • Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:0302
    as

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    File URL: ftp://ftp.gate.cnrs.fr/RePEc/2003/0302.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. van den Berg, Gerard J & Gorter, Cees, 1997. "Job Search and Commuting Time," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(2), pages 269-281, April.
    2. repec:spr:portec:v:1:y:2002:i:2:d:10.1007_s10258-002-0010-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Nickell, Stephen & Layard, Richard, 1999. "Labor market institutions and economic performance," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 46, pages 3029-3084 Elsevier.
    4. Richard Blundell & Monica Costa Dias, 2009. "Alternative Approaches to Evaluation in Empirical Microeconomics," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(3).
    5. Claudie Louvot, 2001. "Le logement dans l'Union européenne : la propriété prend le pas sur la location," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 343(1), pages 29-50.
    6. Heckman, James J, 1990. "Varieties of Selection Bias," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 313-318, May.
    7. Smith, Lawrence B & Rosen, Kenneth T & Fallis, George, 1988. "Recent Developments in Economic Models of Housing Markets," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(1), pages 29-64, March.
    8. Sandra Cavaco & Jean-Yves Lesueur, 2004. "Contraintes spatiales et durée de chômage," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 18(3), pages 229-257.
    9. Heckman, James J. & Robb, Richard Jr., 1985. "Alternative methods for evaluating the impact of interventions : An overview," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 239-267.
    10. Michiel van Leuvensteijn & Pierre Koning, 2000. "The effects of home-ownership on labour mobility in the Netherlands: Oswald's theses revisited," CPB Research Memorandum 173, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    11. Wasmer, Etienne & Zenou, Yves, 2002. "Does City Structure Affect Job Search and Welfare?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 515-541, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    job search; mobility; residential status; selectivity bias; unemployment duration;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand

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