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Politique active d'emploi et employabilité des jeunes dans la ville d'Abidjan

Listed author(s):
  • Clément Kouadio Kouakou

    (UFR-SEG, Université de Cocody-Abidjan)

Registered author(s):

    Cette étude est une contribution à l’analyse du processus d’insertion professionnelle des jeunes urbains à Abidjan. A partir d’une enquête d’insertion professionnelle, l’étude montre que les politiques d’emploi jeunes ont relativement amélioré la situation des bénéficiaires à travers des effets de travailleurs additionnels et une mobilité professionnelle relativement plus favorable. Cependant, les résultats laissent apparaître une transition chaotique des jeunes sur le marché du travail urbain en Côte d’Ivoire, mais également un ciblage imparfait dans la sélection des bénéficiaires. En effet, l’estimation d’un modèle de durée de type Weibull avec instrumentation du passage par le programme d’insertion montre d’une part que les programmes ont souffert d’un mauvais ciblage des bénéficiaires dû au fait que la sélection n’a pas tenu compte de la dépendance temporelle des jeunes aux états qui amenuisent leur employabilité comme la durée et le nombre de période d’inactivité et de chômage et la situation sociale des jeune. D’autre part, le modèle de durée réfute l’existence d’un effet significatif sur la sortie du chômage dans la situation post programme. This study is a contribution to the analysis of the employability process of urban youth in Côte d'Ivoire. Through an insertion survey, the study shows that youth employment policies have relatively improved situation of beneficiaries through the effects of additional workers and occupational mobility relatively more favorable. However, the results reveal a chaotic transition of youth in the urban labor market in Côte d’Ivoire, but also an imperfect targeting in the selection of beneficiaries. Indeed, estimating a Weibull duration model with instrumentation of insertion program shows both that the programs have suffered from poor targeting of beneficiaries because the selection did not consider the time dependence on the status of youth that erode their employability such as the duration and number of periods of inactivity and unemployment and social situation of the young. On the other hand, the duration model refutes the existence of a significant effect on the exit from unemployment in the post program.(Full text in french)

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    Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 159.

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    Length: 20 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2010
    Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:159
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    1. van den Berg, Gerard J, 1994. "The Effects of Changes of the Job Offer Arrival Rate on the Duration of Unemployment," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 478-498, July.
    2. Meyer, Bruce D, 1990. "Unemployment Insurance and Unemployment Spells," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(4), pages 757-782, July.
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    5. Kari Hämäläinen & Virve Ollikainen, 2004. "Differential Effects of Active Labour Market Programmes in the Early Stages of Young People's Unemployment," Research Reports 115, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
    6. Heckman, James J, 1990. "Varieties of Selection Bias," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 313-318, May.
    7. Atkinson, Anthony B & Micklewright, John, 1991. "Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 29(4), pages 1679-1727, December.
    8. Liliane Bonnal & Denis Fougère & Anne Sérandon, 1997. "Evaluating the Impact of French Employment Policies on Individual Labour Market Histories," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(4), pages 683-713.
    9. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    10. Gritz, R. Mark, 1993. "The impact of training on the frequency and duration of employment," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1-3), pages 21-51.
    11. Sandra Cavaco & Jean-Yves Lesueur, 2004. "Contraintes spatiales et durée de chômage," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 18(3), pages 229-257.
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