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L'effet de l'allocation unique dégressive sur la reprise d'emploi

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  • B. Dormont
  • D. Fougère
  • A. Prieto

Abstract

[eng] The effect of the unemployment benefits time curve on the rate of return to work by job seekers is studied based on a comparison of two successive regulations. The rules in force from 1986 to 1992, before the introduction of the Single Degressive Benefit (SDB), provided for a single drop in the level of benefits. The SDB introduced in 1992, however, provides for steady decreases in benefits. The duration model estimates show that, under the pre-1992 system, the return-to-work rate rose sharply towards the end of the full-rate benefits period. This finding holds mainly for the job seekers with the highest past wages. The introduction of the SDB levelled off the return-to-work rate time curve. The estimated highly significant deviation between the probabilities of remaining unemployed under the old and new system is only partly ascribable to macroeconomic variations. There remains a difference that can be explained by the change in benefits time curves. In other words, the type of degression implemented from 1992 to 1996 probably slowed down the return to work. [fre] Le profil de l’indemnisation du chômage influence-t-il la reprise d’emploi? Cette question est étudiée en comparant deux réglementations successives de l’assurance chômage. La réglementation en vigueur de 1986 à 1992 prévoit un profil simple en deux paliers: l’indemnisation connaît une seule chute, plus ou moins forte, lors du passage de l’allocation de base à l’allocation de fin de droits. Dans le système d’allocation unique dégressive (AUD) introduit en 1992, le profil d’indemnisation se caractérise par des baisses régulières du montant de l’allocation. L’estimation de modèles de durée montre que dans la réglementation en vigueur avant 1992, le taux de reprise d'emploi augmente fortement à l'approche de la fin de la période d'indemnisation à taux plein. Ce pic dans la reprise d’emploi n’est plus observé dans la nouvelle réglementation: l'introduction de l'AUD a écrêté le profil temporel des taux d
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  • B. Dormont & D. Fougère & A. Prieto, 2001. "L'effet de l'allocation unique dégressive sur la reprise d'emploi," THEMA Working Papers 2001-05, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  • Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2001-05
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    File URL: http://www.u-cergy.fr/IMG/documents//2001-05Prieto.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Cavaco, Sandra & Lesueur, Jean-Yves & Sabatier, Mareva & Lesueur, Jean-Yves, 2004. "Stratégies de recherche, contraintes spatiales et hétérogénéité des transitions vers l’emploi : estimation économétrique d’un modèle structurel de recherche," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 80(2), pages 439-464, Juin-Sept.
    2. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00567693 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Peter Fredriksson & Bertil Holmlund, 2006. "Improving Incentives in Unemployment Insurance: A Review of Recent Research," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(3), pages 357-386, July.
    4. Emmanuel Duguet & Antoine Goujard & Yannick L’Horty, 2008. "Les inégalités territoriales d'accès à l'emploi : une exploration à partir de sources administratives exhaustives," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 415(1), pages 17-44.
    5. Bruno, CREPON & Muriel, DEJEMEPPE & Marc, GURGAND, 2005. "Counseling the unemployed : does it lower unemployment duration and recurrence ?," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2005034, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
    6. Yann Algan & Antoine Terracol, 2001. "L'influence de l'épargne de précaution sur la recherche d'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 63-76.
    7. Bart Cockx & Jean Ries, 2004. "The Exhaustion of Unemployment Benefits in Belgium. Does it Enhance the Probability of Employment?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1226, CESifo Group Munich.
    8. Philippe Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Jérôme Gautié, 2009. "Un panorama des bas salaires et de la qualité de l'emploi peu qualifié en France," PSE Working Papers halshs-00567693, HAL.
    9. Lollivier, Stefan & Rioux, Laurence, 2005. "A Structural Non-Stationary Model of Job Search: Stigmatization of the Unemployed by Job Offers or Wage Offers?," CEPR Discussion Papers 5108, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Bruno Coquet, 2017. "Les allocations chômage devraient-elles être dégressives ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/2vagho9cns9, Sciences Po.
    11. Yann Algan & Arnaud Cheron & Jean-Olivier Hairault & Francois Langot, 2003. "Wealth Effect on Labor Market Transitions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(1), pages 156-178, January.
    12. Le Barbanchon, Thomas, 2016. "The effect of the potential duration of unemployment benefits on unemployment exits to work and match quality in France," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 16-29.
    13. Alba-Ramirez, Alfonso & Arranz, Jose M. & Munoz-Bullon, Fernando, 2007. "Exits from unemployment: Recall or new job," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 788-810, October.
    14. Balázs Égert, 2013. "The Efficiency and Equity of the Tax and Transfer System in France," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1038, OECD Publishing.
    15. Philippe Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Jérôme Gautié, 2009. "Un panorama des bas salaires et de la qualité de l'emploi peu qualifié en France," Working Papers halshs-00567693, HAL.
    16. Emmanuel Duguet & Antoine Goujard & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2009. "Elaborer un diagnostic territorial sur l’emploi à partir de sources administratives exhaustives : une application en Languedoc-Roussillon," Documents de recherche 09-06, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    17. Lauer, Charlotte, 2003. "Education and Unemployment: A French-German Comparison," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-34, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    18. Anders Forslund & Alan Krueger, 2010. "Did Active Labor Market Policies Help Sweden Rebound from the Depression of the Early 1990s?," NBER Chapters,in: Reforming the Welfare State: Recovery and Beyond in Sweden, pages 159-187 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/8884 is not listed on IDEAS

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