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L'effet de l'allocation unique dégressive sur la reprise d'emploi

  • B. Dormont
  • D. Fougère
  • A. Prieto

[eng] The effect of the unemployment benefits time curve on the rate of return to work by job seekers is studied based on a comparison of two successive regulations. The rules in force from 1986 to 1992, before the introduction of the Single Degressive Benefit (SDB), provided for a single drop in the level of benefits. The SDB introduced in 1992, however, provides for steady decreases in benefits. The duration model estimates show that, under the pre-1992 system, the return-to-work rate rose sharply towards the end of the full-rate benefits period. This finding holds mainly for the job seekers with the highest past wages. The introduction of the SDB levelled off the return-to-work rate time curve. The estimated highly significant deviation between the probabilities of remaining unemployed under the old and new system is only partly ascribable to macroeconomic variations. There remains a difference that can be explained by the change in benefits time curves. In other words, the type of degression implemented from 1992 to 1996 probably slowed down the return to work. [fre] Le profil de l’indemnisation du chômage influence-t-il la reprise d’emploi? Cette question est étudiée en comparant deux réglementations successives de l’assurance chômage. La réglementation en vigueur de 1986 à 1992 prévoit un profil simple en deux paliers: l’indemnisation connaît une seule chute, plus ou moins forte, lors du passage de l’allocation de base à l’allocation de fin de droits. Dans le système d’allocation unique dégressive (AUD) introduit en 1992, le profil d’indemnisation se caractérise par des baisses régulières du montant de l’allocation. L’estimation de modèles de durée montre que dans la réglementation en vigueur avant 1992, le taux de reprise d'emploi augmente fortement à l'approche de la fin de la période d'indemnisation à taux plein. Ce pic dans la reprise d’emploi n’est plus observé dans la nouvelle réglementation: l'introduction de l'AUD a écrêté le profil temporel des taux d

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Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2001-05.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2001-05
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