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Durées de chômage et comportements d'offre de travail : une revue de la littérature

  • Chantal Cases

[spa] Duraciones de paro y comportamientos de oferta de trabajo : una revisión de la literatura, por Chantai Cases. El aumento del paro durante los años 1970 - 1980 y el cuestionamiento del modelo walrasiano del mercado de trabajo han estado en los principios del desarrollo de estudios teóricos y empíricos de los déterminantes de la duración de paro. Los análisis empíricos están basados, en su mayoría, en modelos de equilibrio parcial llamados "de búsqueda de empleo" o sus prolongaciones (modelos de movilidad, de emparejamiento). Se ilustran también otras grandes corrientes teóricas, en particular los modelos de segmentación. Los trabajos empíricos no han permitido todavia establecer resultados indiscutibles en lo que respecta al papel del subsidio de paro sobre su duración. [fre] Durées de chômage et comportements d'offre de travail : une revue de la littérature, par Chantai Cases. La montée du chômage au cours des années 1970-1980 et la remise en cause du modèle walrassien du marché du travail ont été à l'origine du développement d'études théoriques et empiriques des déterminants de la durée de chômage. Les analyses empiriques sont, pour la plupart, basées sur des modèles d'équilibre partiel dits "de recherche d'emploi" ou leurs prolongements (modèles de mobilité, d'appariement). D'autres grands courants théoriques sont également illustrés, en particulier les modèles de segmentation. Les travaux empiriques n'ont pas encore permis d'établir de résultats incontestés en ce qui concerne le rôle de l'indemnisation du chômage sur sa durée. [ger] Dauer der Arbeitslosigkeit und Verhalten des Arbeitsangebotes: ein Überblick über die Fachliteratur, von Chantai Cases. Der Anstieg der Arbeitslosigkeit im Zeitraum von 1970 bis 1980 und die Infragestellung des walrasianischen Arbeitsmarktmodells haben zur Entwicklung theoretischer und empirischer Studien über die Determinanten der Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer geführt. Die empirischen Analysen basieren zum Großteil auf sogenannten "Modellen der Arbeitsplatzsuche" mit partiellem Gleichgewicht oder auf deren WeiterfUhrung, wie den Mobilitäts- oder Kongruenzmodellen. Andere große theoretische Strömungen, insbesondere die Segmentationsmodelle, werden ebenfalls erläutert. Die empirischen Arbeiten haben bisher allerdings noch zu keinen unanfechtbaren Ergebnissen geführt, was den Einfluß der Unterstützungsleistungen auf die Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer anbetrifft. [eng] The Duration of Unemployment and Labour Supply Behaviour: a Survey, by Chantai Cases. The increase in unemployment in the 1970s and 1980s and the questioning of the Walras labour market model resulted in the development of theoretical and empirical studies of the factors determining the length of unemployment. Most of the empirical analyses are based on partial equilibrium "job-seeking" models or their extensions (models of mobility and matchings). Other major theoretical trends, segmentation models in particular, are also illustrated. Empirical studies have not yet established undisputed results as regards the effect of unemployment benefits on the length of unemployment.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1994.5673
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_113_2_5673
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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 113 (1994)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 155-170

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_113_2_5673
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1994.5673
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/ecop

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