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Salaire d'efficience et dualisme du marché du travail

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  • Anne Perrot
  • André Zylberberg

Abstract

[eng] Efficiency wage and dual labour market . . In this article, we formalize a dual labour market where the firms of the primary sector imperfectly observe their workers' actions. These firms extract the adequate effort level via an efficiency wage procedure of the Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984)'s type. The secondary sector is perfectly competitive and equilibrium between this sector and the unemployment pool obtains through a migration condition similar to the one of Harris and Todaro. [fre] Salaire d'efficience et dualisme du marché du travail. . Nous proposons dans cet article une formalisation d'un marché du travail dualiste où les firmes du secteur primaire observent imparfaitement les performances de leurs employés. Ces firmes incitent leurs employés à fournir un niveau d'effort adéquat via un salaire d'efficience du type Shapiro et Stiglitz [1984]. Le secteur secondaire est parfaitement concurrentiel et l'équilibre entre ce secteur et le chômage résulte d'une condition de migration analogue à celle du modèle de Marris et Todaro.

Suggested Citation

  • Anne Perrot & André Zylberberg, 1989. "Salaire d'efficience et dualisme du marché du travail," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(1), pages 5-20.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1989_num_40_1_409127
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yellen, Janet L, 1984. "Efficiency Wage Models of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 200-205, May.
    2. Kim B. Clark & Lawrence H. Summers, 1979. "Labor Market Dynamics and Unemployemnt: A Reconsideration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 10(1), pages 13-72.
    3. Ian M. McDonald & Robert M. Solow, 1985. "Wages and Employment in a Segmented Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(4), pages 1115-1141.
    4. Dickens, William T & Lang, Kevin, 1985. "A Test of Dual Labor Market Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 792-805, September.
    5. Akerlof, George A, 1984. "Gift Exchange and Efficiency-Wage Theory: Four Views," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 79-83, May.
    6. Lawrence F. Katz, 1986. "Efficiency Wage Theories: A Partial Evaluation," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1986, Volume 1, pages 235-290 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Djajic, Slobodan, 1985. "Human Capital, Minimum Wage and Unemployment: A Harris-Todaro Model of a Developed Open Economy," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 52(208), pages 491-508, November.
    8. William T. Dickens & Kevin Lang, 1985. "Testing Dual Labor Market Theory: A Reconsideration of the Evidence," NBER Working Papers 1670, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Zylberberg, Andre, 1985. "Migration equilibrium with price rigidity: The Harris and Todaro model revisited," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 281-309, December.
    10. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-444, June.
    11. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-142, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre Cahuc & Hélène Zajdela, 1991. "Comment expliquer le dualisme du marché du travail à partir de comportements rationnels ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 42(3), pages 469-492.
    2. Gatti, Donatella, 1998. "The equilibrium rate of unemployment in varying micro-institutional settings," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Economic Change and Employment FS I 98-302, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    3. Isabelle Lebon, 1994. "Créations d'entreprises et persistance du chômage dans un modèle d'appariement," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(4), pages 965-988.
    4. Ballot, Gerard, 2002. "Modeling the labor market as an evolving institution: model ARTEMIS," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 51-77, September.
    5. Manon Domingues Dos Dantos, 1999. "Le pouvoir équilibrant de l'émigration," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 14(3), pages 91-128.
    6. Alberto Bucci & Fabio Fiorillo & Stefano Staffolani, 2003. "Can Market Power Influence Employment, Wage Inequality and Growth?," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2-3), pages 129-160, May.
    7. Valérie Canals & Claude Diebolt & Magali Jaoul-Grammare, 2015. "Education, productivité et gain. Retour sur les approches critiques de l’enchaînement causal de la théorie du capital humain," Working Papers of BETA 2015-22, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    8. André Zylberberg, 1994. "Effort et contrats : quelques enseignements concernant le marché du travail," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 113(2), pages 1-20.
    9. Daniel Verger, 1996. "Aux sources des carrières salariales et de l'emploi : les firmes et les salariés," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 299(1), pages 3-20.
    10. Tobias Müller, 2000. "Migration, Unemployment and Discrimination," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 2000.03, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
    11. Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2000. "Ouverture commerciale et emploi. Un modèle d'équilibre général avec salaires d'efficience appliqué à la Tunisie," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(3), pages 557-569.
    12. D. Gatti, 1997. "Flexible Technology, Unemployment and Effort: The Role of the Organization of the Firm," Working Papers ir97004, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    13. Chantal Cases, 1994. "Durées de chômage et comportements d'offre de travail : une revue de la littérature," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 113(2), pages 155-170.
    14. Patrice Borda & Jean Gabriel Montauban, 1995. "Chômage et exportation agricole : le cas des régions ultra périphériques de l'Europe," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 119(3), pages 31-42.
    15. Magali Jaoul-Grammare, 2011. "L’évolution de la segmentation du marché du travail en France : 1973-2007," Working Papers of BETA 2011-08, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    16. repec:dau:papers:123456789/5173 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Muller, Tobias, 2003. "Migration, unemployment and discrimination," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 409-427, June.
    18. Hélène Zajdela, 1990. "Le dualisme du marché du travail : enjeux et fondements théoriques," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 31-42.

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