Salaire d'efficience et dualisme du marché du travail
[eng] Efficiency wage and dual labour market In this article, we formalize a dual labour market where the firms of the primary sector imperfectly observe their workers' actions. These firms extract the adequate effort level via an efficiency wage procedure of the Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984)'s type. The secondary sector is perfectly competitive and equilibrium between this sector and the unemployment pool obtains through a migration condition similar to the one of Harris and Todaro. [fre] Salaire d'efficience et dualisme du marché du travail Nous proposons dans cet article une formalisation d'un marché du travail dualiste où les firmes du secteur primaire observent imparfaitement les performances de leurs employés. Ces firmes incitent leurs employés à fournir un niveau d'effort adéquat via un salaire d'efficience du type Shapiro et Stiglitz . Le secteur secondaire est parfaitement concurrentiel et l'équilibre entre ce secteur et le chômage résulte d'une condition de migration analogue à celle du modèle de Marris et Todaro.
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- Lawrence F. Katz, 1986.
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- Ian M. McDonald & Robert M. Solow, 1985. "Wages and Employment in a Segmented Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(4), pages 1115-1141.
- Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
- Zylberberg, Andre, 1985. "Migration equilibrium with price rigidity: The Harris and Todaro model revisited," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 281-309, December.
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"A Test of Dual Labor Market Theory,"
NBER Working Papers
1314, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
- Kim B. Clark & Lawrence H. Summers, 1979. "Labor Market Dynamics and Unemployemnt: A Reconsideration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 10(1), pages 13-72.
- Djajic, Slobodan, 1985. "Human Capital, Minimum Wage and Unemployment: A Harris-Todaro Model of a Developed Open Economy," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 52(208), pages 491-508, November.
- Yellen, Janet L, 1984. "Efficiency Wage Models of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 200-205, May.
- William T. Dickens & Kevin Lang, 1985. "Testing Dual Labor Market Theory: A Reconsideration of the Evidence," NBER Working Papers 1670, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Akerlof, George A, 1984. "Gift Exchange and Efficiency-Wage Theory: Four Views," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 79-83, May.
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