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Chômage et exportation agricole : le cas des régions ultra périphériques de l'Europe

  • Patrice Borda
  • Jean Gabriel Montauban

[eng] Unemployment and Agricultural Exports: The Case of the Outlying Areas of Europe by Patrice Borda and Jean-Gabriel Montauban An analysis of the structure of underemployment in Europe's outlying areas reveals the existence of a dual market in these small economies. The purpose of this article is to present a dual market model taking account of unofficial activities and the constraint on the output of secondary sector firms. In this way, we highlight the factors that encourage the emergence of underemployment. [fre] Chômage et exportation agricole : le cas des régions ultra-périphériques de l'Europe par Patrice Borda, Jean-Gabriel Montauban L'examen de la structure du sous-emploi dans les régions ultra-périphériques de l'Europe traduit l'existence d'un marché dual dans ces petites économies. L'objet de cet article est de présenter un modèle dual du marché du travail dans lequel nous prenons en compte les activités informelles ainsi qu'une contrainte de production à laquelle doivent se soumettre les entreprises du secteur secondaire. On met ainsi en évidence les facteurs favorisant l'émergence du sous-emploi. [spa] Desempleo y exportaciôn agrîcola: el caso de las regiones ultraperiféricas de Europa por Patrice Borda y Jean-Gabriel Montauban El examen de la estructura del subempleo en las regiones ultra periféricas de Europa révéla la existencia de un mercado dual en estas pequenas economias. El objetivo de este articulo es presentar un modelo dual del mercado de trabajo en el cùal tomamos en consideraciôn las actividades informales asi como también una restricciôn de producciôn a la cual deben estar sujetas las empresas del sector secundario. Asi, ponemos en evidencia los factores que favorizan la emergencia del subempleo. [ger] Arbeitslosigkeit und Export landwirtschaftlicher Erzeugnisse: der Fall der Regionen an der âuftersten Randlage Europas von Patrice Borda, Jean-Gabriel Montauban Aus der Untersuchung der Struktur der Unterbeschaftigung in den Regionen, die an der auBersten Randlage Europas liegen, ergibt sich das Vorhandensein eines dualen Marktes in diesen kleinen Volkswirtschaften. In diesem Artikel soil ein duales Arbeitsmarktmodell vorgestellt werden, in dem wir die informellen Aktivitaten sowie einen Produktionszwang beriicksichtigen, dem die Unternehmen des sekundaren Sektors unterworfen sind. Dadurch werden die Faktoren aufgezeigt, die das Aufkommen der Unterbeschaftigung begiinstigen.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 119 (1995)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 31-42

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1995_num_119_3_5728
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1995.5728
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  1. Olivier J. Blanchard & Lawrence H. Summers, 1986. "Hysteresis and the European Unemployment Problem," NBER Working Papers 1950, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 1991. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284345, December.
  3. Hélène Zajdela, 1990. "Le dualisme du marché du travail : enjeux et fondements théoriques," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 31-42.
  4. Akerlof, George A, 1984. "Gift Exchange and Efficiency-Wage Theory: Four Views," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 79-83, May.
  5. Pierre Cahuc & Hélène Zajdela, 1991. "Comment expliquer le dualisme du marché du travail à partir de comportements rationnels ?," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 42(3), pages 469-492.
  6. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
  7. Anne Perrot & André Zylberberg, 1989. "Salaire d'efficience et dualisme du marché du travail," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(1), pages 5-20.
  8. Zylberberg, Andre, 1985. "Migration equilibrium with price rigidity: The Harris and Todaro model revisited," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 281-309, December.
  9. James B. Rebitzer & Lowell J. Taylor, 1991. "A Model of Dual Labor Markets When Product Demand Is Uncertain," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1373-1383.
  10. Stark, Oded, 1982. "On modelling the informal sector," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 413-416, May.
  11. Azariadis, Costas, 1975. "Implicit Contracts and Underemployment Equilibria," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(6), pages 1183-1202, December.
  12. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
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