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Créations d'entreprises et persistance du chômage dans un modèle d'appariement

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  • Isabelle Lebon

Abstract

[eng] Firms founding and persistence of unemployment in a matching model. . Within a matching framework, we allow the unemployed people to create firms. This assumption enables us to describe more accurately the volume and nature of unemployment. It is shown that the size of unemployment depends on the structure of the labor market, i.e of the repartition of die whole unemployment between firm's founders and unemployed workers. Even when this repartition is optimal, we highlight that some persistent unemployment remains. [fre] Création d'entreprises et persistance du chômage dans un modèle d'appartement. . Dans le cadre d'un modèle d'appartement, nous supposons que les individus inoccupés ont la possibilité de créer des entreprises. Cette hypothèse nous per­met de préciser le volume et la nature du chômage global. Nous montrons que l'ampleur du chômage tient à la structure même du marché du travail, c'est-à-dire à la répartition de l'ensemble des chômeurs entre créateurs d'entreprise et offreurs de travail. Même dans le cas où cette répartition est optimale, nous mettons en évidence l'existence d'un certain volume de chômage incompressible et persistant.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabelle Lebon, 1994. "Créations d'entreprises et persistance du chômage dans un modèle d'appariement," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(4), pages 965-988.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1994_num_45_4_409586
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1994.409586
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