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The remarkable transformation of the UV curve in economic theory

Listed author(s):
  • Peter Rodenburg

The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the impact the Unemployment-Vacancy (UV) curve (or Beveridge curve) had on economic theory and to provide an account of the subsequent radical changes in its place and role over the decades since its first appearance in 1958. The paper traces the historical development of the UV curve and argues that the role of the UV curve has changed from that of a measuring device, to a graphical representation of full employment, to an axiom necessary for matching models of unemployment to a diagnostic tool. This changing role is best understood in the light of the paradigmatic change from Keynesianism to neoclassical search theory.

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File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09672567.2011.546080
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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought.

Volume (Year): 18 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 125-153

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Handle: RePEc:taf:eujhet:v:18:y:2011:i:1:p:125-153
DOI: 10.1080/09672567.2011.546080
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/REJH20

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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Pissarides, C A, 1979. "Job Matchings with State Employment Agencies and Random Search," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(356), pages 818-833, December.
  2. Bowden, Roger J, 1980. "On the Existence and Secular Stability of u-v Loci," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 47(185), pages 35-50, February.
  3. Evans, Graham J, 1975. "A Note on Trends in the Relationship between Unemployment and Unfilled Vacancies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 85(337), pages 135-139, March.
  4. Abraham, Katharine G & Katz, Lawrence F, 1986. "Cyclical Unemployment: Sectoral Shifts or Aggregate Disturbances?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(3), pages 507-522, June.
  5. Christopher A. Pissarides & Barbara Petrongolo, 2001. "Looking into the Black Box: A Survey of the Matching Function," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(2), pages 390-431, June.
  6. repec:rim:rimwps:27-08 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Hall, Robert E., 1979. "A theory of the natural unemployment rate and the duration of employment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 153-169, April.
  8. Diamond, Peter A, 1982. "Aggregate Demand Management in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 881-894, October.
  9. Budd, Alan & Levine, Paul & Smith, Peter, 1987. "Long-term unemployment and the shifting U-V curve : A multi-country study," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(1-2), pages 296-305.
  10. S. Lael Brainard & David M. Cutler, 1993. "Sectoral Shifts and Cyclical Unemployment Reconsidered," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(1), pages 219-243.
  11. Taylor, Jim, 1972. "The Behaviour of Unemployment and Unfilled Vacancies: Great Britain, 1958-71. An Alternative View," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(328), pages 1352-1365, December.
  12. Burch, Susan W & Fabricant, Ruth A, 1971. "Cyclical Behavior of Help-Wanted Index and the Unemployment Rate: A Reply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(1), pages 105-106, February.
  13. Thirlwall, A P, 1969. "Types of Unemployment: With Special Reference to 'Non Demand-Deficient' Unemployment in Great Britain," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 16(1), pages 20-49, February.
  14. Peter A. Diamond, 1982. "Wage Determination and Efficiency in Search Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(2), pages 217-227.
  15. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877, January.
  16. Lilien, David M, 1982. "Sectoral Shifts and Cyclical Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(4), pages 777-793, August.
  17. Bent Hansen, 1970. "Excess Demand, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Wages," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(1), pages 1-23.
  18. Warren, Ronald S, Jr, 1980. "Unemployment and Unfilled Vacancies in U.S. Manufacturing: A Search-Turnover View," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 62(2), pages 292-295, May.
  19. Gujarati, Damodar, 1969. "Cyclical Behavior of Help-Wanted Index and the Unemployment Rate," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(4), pages 482-484, November.
  20. Cohen, Malcolm S & Solow, Robert M, 1970. "The Behavior of Help-Wanted Advertising: A Reply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 52(4), pages 442-443, November.
  21. Giovanni Gallipoli & Gianluigi Pelloni, 2008. "Aggregate Shocks vs Reallocation Shocks: an Appraisal of the Applied Literature," Working Paper Series 27_08, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  22. Pissarides, Christopher A, 1985. "Short-run Equilibrium Dynamics of Unemployment Vacancies, and Real Wages," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 676-690, September.
  23. Gerard R. Butters, 1977. "Equilibrium Distributions of Sales and Advertising Prices," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 44(3), pages 465-491.
  24. Foster, J I, 1973. "The Behaviour of Unemployment and Unfilled Vacancies: Great Britain, 1958-1971-A Comment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 83(329), pages 192-201, March.
  25. Hosios, Arthur J, 1994. "Unemployment and Vacancies with Sectoral Shifts," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 124-144, March.
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