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Disparités de revenus à différentes échelles spatiales en France de 1985 à 2001

  • Louafi Bouzouina

    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Dominique Mignot

    ()

    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

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    The paper will first of all show the increase in disparities within French urban areas during the period 1985-2001. This is based on the distribution and evolution of average household taxable income per municipality. A deeper analysis carried out on municipalities located within urban areas of over 100,000 inhabitants shows that less rich spaces are characterised by the weakest progression in average household taxable income. However, the richest municipalities in terms of revenue are also characterised by the strongest progression. An analysis at an intra-communal scale allows us to measure the residential segregation of households due to income. The use of the index of segregation bring us then to compare different urban areas. At the end, we try to explain this growth of spatial segregation.

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    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00108437/document
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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00108437.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Publication status: Published in ASRDLF. Villes et territoires face aux défis de la mondialisation - XLIè colloque de l'ASRDLF, 5-7 septembre 2005, Dijon, 2005, France. ASRDLF, 20 p., 2005
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00108437
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00108437
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    1. Katherine M. O'Regan & John M. Quigley, 1998. "Where Youth Live: Economic Effects of Urban Space on Employment Prospects," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(7), pages 1187-1205, June.
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    9. Nechyba, Thomas J., 2002. "School Finance, Spatial Income Segregation and the Nature of Communities," Working Papers 02-17, Duke University, Department of Economics.
    10. Nicole Tabard, 1993. "Des quartiers pauvres aux banlieues aisées : une représentation sociale du territoire," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 270(1), pages 5-22.
    11. Jan K. Brueckner & Yves Zenou, 2003. "Space and Unemployment: The Labor-Market Effects of Spatial Mismatch," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 242-262, January.
    12. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R & Sjoquist, David L, 1990. "Job Accessibility and Racial Differences in Youth Employment Rates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 267-76, March.
    13. Raphael, Steven, 1998. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis and Black Youth Joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 79-111, January.
    14. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416.
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