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Densité résidentielle et ségrégation spatiale : le cas des aires urbaines françaises

  • Louafi Bouzouina

    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

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    Since fight against segregation is an objective of the urban policy, the growth of the social and spatial disparities during the past twenty years leads us to think about reasons, and more particularly, those related to the urban form. This enables us to examine the relationship between segregation and some spatial corrective policies. Urban spread as low density is often regarded as a segregative process, in the American literature notably, and the idea to favour denser cities to support the proximity of different groups and to create social bond is often suggested.The aim of this empirical paper is to test the effect of population density on segregation in French urban areas in 2001. Analysis of segregation Gini index calculated on the tax incomes on an infra-communal scale and residential density shows that the density of cities or centers does not support the social mixture inevitably. The results highlight that the low peripheral density is not related to segregation.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00175769.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Publication status: Published in ASRDLF. Développement local, compétitivité et attractivité des territoires - XLIIè colloque de l'ASRDLF – XIIè colloque du GRERBAM, 4 - 6 septembre 2006, Sfax (Tunisie), 2006, Sfax, Tunisie. ASRDLF, GRERBAM, 18 p., 2006
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00175769
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    6. Susan E. Mayer, 2001. "How the Growth in Income Inequality Increased Economic Segregation," JCPR Working Papers 230, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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    9. Brueckner, Jan K. & Thisse, Jacques-Francois & Zenou, Yves, 1999. "Why is central Paris rich and downtown Detroit poor?: An amenity-based theory," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 91-107, January.
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