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Densité résidentielle et ségrégation spatiale : le cas des aires urbaines françaises


  • Louafi Bouzouina

    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


Since fight against segregation is an objective of the urban policy, the growth of the social and spatial disparities during the past twenty years leads us to think about reasons, and more particularly, those related to the urban form. This enables us to examine the relationship between segregation and some spatial corrective policies. Urban spread as low density is often regarded as a segregative process, in the American literature notably, and the idea to favour denser cities to support the proximity of different groups and to create social bond is often suggested.The aim of this empirical paper is to test the effect of population density on segregation in French urban areas in 2001. Analysis of segregation Gini index calculated on the tax incomes on an infra-communal scale and residential density shows that the density of cities or centers does not support the social mixture inevitably. The results highlight that the low peripheral density is not related to segregation.

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  • Louafi Bouzouina, 2006. "Densité résidentielle et ségrégation spatiale : le cas des aires urbaines françaises," Post-Print halshs-00175769, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00175769
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eloi Laurent & Joël Maurice & Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2004. "Ségrégation urbaine et intégration sociale," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3542, Sciences Po.
    2. Dominique Goux & Éric Maurin, 2005. "Composition sociale du voisinage et échec scolaire. Une évaluation sur données françaises," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(2), pages 349-361.
    3. Brueckner, Jan K. & Thisse, Jacques-Francois & Zenou, Yves, 1999. "Why is central Paris rich and downtown Detroit poor?: An amenity-based theory," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 91-107, January.
    4. Susan E. Mayer, 2001. "How the Growth in Income Inequality Increased Economic Segregation," JCPR Working Papers 230, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    5. Nathalie Gaussier & Frédéric Gaschet, 2005. "Les échelles du mauvais appariement spatial au sein de l'agglomération bordelaise," Post-Print hal-00168010, HAL.
    6. Frédéric GASCHET (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES) & Julie LE GALLO (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES), 2005. "The Spatial Dimension of Segregation: A Case Study in Four French Urban Areas, 1990-1999," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2005-12, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    7. Dominique Mignot & Anne Aguilera & Danièle Bloy, 2004. "Permanence des formes de la métropolisation et de l'étalement urbain : rapport final," Post-Print halshs-00113648, HAL.
    8. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416-416.
    9. Katherine M. O'Regan & John M. Quigley, 1998. "Where Youth Live: Economic Effects of Urban Space on Employment Prospects," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(7), pages 1187-1205, June.
    10. Roland Benabou, 1993. "Workings of a City: Location, Education, and Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 619-652.
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