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New Evidence of Ethnic and Gender Discrimination in the French Labor Market Using Experimental Data : A Ranking Extension of Responses from Correspondence Tests


  • Emmanuel Duguet
  • Loïc Du Parquet
  • Yannick L'horty
  • Pascale Petit


We extend the standard hiring discrimination measure by including the cases where several candidates are invited to the same interview. The new measure considers the order in which the employer will contact the candidates as opposed to considering only whether or not a job applicant is invited to an interview - a practice common in the previous literature. We propose to apply the first order stochastic dominance (FOSD) criterion to the ranking of the candidates, which appears to be especially relevant for hiring discrimination. We show theoretically that FOSD always implies a positive value for the standard discrimination coefficient used in the literature, and that the converse is false. We apply our analysis to a correspondence test that has been conducted in the Paris region. We sent 8 fictitious candidates with a Master's degree to the same 310 job offers in computing in order to measure gender and origin discrimination. We found that - out of 28 possible comparisons - there are 25 cases of stochastic dominance that we interpret as strong discrimination against some candidates. Discrimination is especially strong for the French women with an African origin.

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  • Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Yannick L'horty & Pascale Petit, 2015. "New Evidence of Ethnic and Gender Discrimination in the French Labor Market Using Experimental Data : A Ranking Extension of Responses from Correspondence Tests," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 117-118, pages 21-39.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2015:i:117-118:p:21-39
    DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.117-118.21

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    Cited by:

    1. Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc du Parquet & Yannick L’Horty & Pascale Petit, 2018. "Counterproductive hiring discrimination against women: Evidence from a French correspondence test," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 39(1), pages 37-50, April.
    2. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick l'Horty & Rémi Le Gall & Pascale Petit, 2018. "How does labour market history influence the access to hiring interviews?," Post-Print hal-01827450, HAL.
    3. Emmanuel Duguet & David Gray & Yannick L'Horty & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2020. "Labour market effects of urban riots: An experimental assessment," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(3), pages 787-806, June.
    4. Gaddis, S. Michael, 2018. "An Introduction to Audit Studies in the Social Sciences," SocArXiv e5hfc, Center for Open Science.
    5. Loic Du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2019. "Discrimination à l’embauche : Ce que nous apprennent deux décennies de testings en France," Working Papers hal-02333816, HAL.
    6. Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc du Parquet & Pascale Petit, 2017. "Hiring discrimination against women: distinguishing taste based discrimination from statistical discrimination," TEPP Working Paper 2017-11, TEPP.
    7. Florent Fremigacci & Rémi Le Gall & Yannick l'Horty & Pascale Petit, 2016. "Le conformisme des recruteurs : une expérience contrôlée," Working Papers halshs-01374419, HAL.

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