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On the Distribution of Exchange Rate Regime Treatment Effects on International Trade

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  • Dorn, Sabrina
  • Egger, Peter

Abstract

This paper provides evidence of heterogeneous treatment effects on trade from switching among three types of de-facto exchange rate regimes: freely floating, currency bands, and pegs or currency unions. A cottage literature at the interface of macroeconomics and international economics focuses on the consequences of exchange rate regimes for economic outcome such as trade. The majority of contributions points to trade-stimulating average effects of tighter exchange rate tying in general and of currency unions in specific. While there is great variability of the estimated quantitative effects across studies, all of the associated work adopted at least two and most of it all of the following three assumptions: assignment of countries to exchange rate regimes is random, the treatment effect of adopting a currency union is independent of the underlying regime transition, and it is homogeneous and hence fully captured by the average. This paper allows for self-selection into exchange rate regimes conditional on observable characteristics and a given regime state prior to a transition and provides evidence of strong impact heterogeneity on bilateral trade among otherwise observationally equivalent country-pairs.

Suggested Citation

  • Dorn, Sabrina & Egger, Peter, 2011. "On the Distribution of Exchange Rate Regime Treatment Effects on International Trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 8654, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:8654
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    Cited by:

    1. Egger Peter & Wamser Georg, 2013. "Effects of the Endogenous Scope of Preferentialism on International Goods Trade," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 13(2), pages 709-731, July.
    2. Campbell, Douglas L., 2011. "Estimating the impact of currency unions on trade using a dynamic gravity framework," MPRA Paper 35531, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:eee:jimfin:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:143-163 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Endogenous treatment effects; Exchange rate regimes; Heterogeneous treatment effects;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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