Dollarization and Trade
Dollarization has been suggested as a policy that might, among other goals, promote trade between a country adopting the dollar and the United States. Evidence supporting this conjecture could be drawn from a recent series of papers by Rose and co-authors who show that a currency union increases bilateral trade among its members, and that this effect is both large and statistically significant. In this paper we show that this result is not robust if we consider bilateral United States trade (even though the United States accounts for 60 percent of all observations of currency unions between industrial and non-industrial countries), nor if we consider bilateral trade of countries that have adopted the United States dollar, like Panama. Furthermore, the effect of dollarization on trade with the United States is not statistically distinct from the effect of a fixed dollar exchange rate on trade with the United States.
|Date of creation:||Apr 2002|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as Klein, Michael W. "Dollarization And Trade," Journal of International Money and Finance, 2005, v24(6,Oct), 935-943.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.|
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CEPR Discussion Papers
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NBER Working Papers
7927, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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02-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
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"Fixed Exchange Rates and Trade,"
NBER Working Papers
10696, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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