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Exchange Rate Regimes and Economic Linkages

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  • Jong-Wha Lee
  • Kwanho Shin

Abstract

We investigate how the exchange rate regime influences economic linkages between countries. We divide the exchange rate regime into three classifications: currency union, peg and floating exchange rates. Unlike most studies that solely focus on the relationship between anchor and client countries, we infer the exchange rate regime between any two countries based on their relationship to the common anchor currency. Then we empirically explore how the various exchange rate regimes impact on bilateral trade, output co-movement and risk sharing. The extent of risk sharing is measured by consumption co-movement relative to output co-movement. We find that while currency union has the greatest effect, the peg regime also significantly boosts trade. We also find that while the peg regime contributes to both output and consumption co-movements, currency union strengthens only consumption co-movement and possibly lowers output co-movement. We interpret these findings to indicate that currency union, the strictest form of pegged regimes, leads to higher industry specialization and better risk sharing opportunities than the less strict peg regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Jong-Wha Lee & Kwanho Shin, 2010. "Exchange Rate Regimes and Economic Linkages," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 1-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:intecj:v:24:y:2010:i:1:p:1-23
    DOI: 10.1080/10168731003589741
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gil-Pareja, Salvador & Llorca-Vivero, Rafael & Martínez-Serrano, José Antonio, 2008. "Trade effects of monetary agreements: Evidence for OECD countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(4), pages 733-755, May.
    2. Soyoung Kim & Jong-Wha Lee & Kwanho Shin, 2006. "Regional and Global Financial Integration in East Asia," Discussion Paper Series 0602, Institute of Economic Research, Korea University.
    3. Klein, Michael W. & Shambaugh, Jay C., 2006. "Fixed exchange rates and trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 359-383, December.
    4. Abbas Valadkhani & Charles Harvie & Indika Karunanayake, 2013. "Global output growth and volatility spillovers," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(5), pages 637-649, February.
    5. Kwanho Shin & Chan-Hyun Sohn, 2006. "Trade and Financial Integration in East Asia: Effects on Co-movements," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(12), pages 1649-1669, December.
    6. Thomas D. Willett & Orawan Permpoon & Clas Wihlborg, 2010. "Endogenous OCA Analysis and the Early Euro Experience," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(7), pages 851-872, July.
    7. Iuliana Matei, 2009. "Testing for price convergence: how close are EU New Member's States to euro zone?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(4), pages 3083-3094.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange rate regime; trade; output co-movement; consumption co-movement; risk sharing;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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