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What Drives US Foreign Borrowing? Evidence on External Adjustment to Transitory and Permanent Shocks

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  • Corsetti, Giancarlo
  • Konstantinou, Panagiotis T

Abstract

The joint dynamics of US net output, consumption, and (valuation-adjusted) foreign assets and liabilities, characterized empirically following Lettau and Ludvigson [2004], is shown to be strikingly consistent with current account theory. While US consumption is virtually insulated from transitory shocks, these contribute considerably to the variation in net output and, even more so, in gross foreign positions, arguably smoothing temporary variations in returns. A single permanent shock – naturally interpreted as a productivity shock – raises consumption swiftly while causing net output to adjust only gradually. This leads to persistent, procyclical external deficits but, interestingly, moves gross assets and liabilities in the same direction.

Suggested Citation

  • Corsetti, Giancarlo & Konstantinou, Panagiotis T, 2009. "What Drives US Foreign Borrowing? Evidence on External Adjustment to Transitory and Permanent Shocks," CEPR Discussion Papers 7134, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7134
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    Cited by:

    1. Jacob, Punnoose & Peersman, Gert, 2013. "Dissecting the dynamics of the US trade balance in an estimated equilibrium model," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 302-315.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption Smoothing; Current Account; International Adjustment Mechanism; Intertemporal Approach to the Current Account; Net Foreign Wealth; Permanent-Transitory Decomposition;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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