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A common-feature approach for testing present-value restrictions with financial data

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  • Hecq, A.W.

    (Quantitative Economics)

  • Issler, J.V.

Abstract

It is well known that cointegration between the level of two variables (labeled Yt and yt in this paper) is a necessary condition to assess the empirical validity of a present-value model (PV and PVM, respectively, hereafter) linking them. The work on cointegration has been so prevalent that it is often overlooked that another necessary condition for the PVM to hold is that the forecast error entailed by the model is orthogonal to the past. The basis of this result is the use of rational expectations in forecasting future values of variables in the PVM. If this condition fails, the present-value equation will not be valid, since it will contain an additional term capturing the (non-zero) conditional expected value of future error terms. Our article has a few novel contributions, but two stand out. First, in testing for PVMs, we advise to split the restrictions implied by PV relationships into orthogonality conditions (or reduced rank restrictions) before additional tests on the value of parameters. We show that PV relationships entail a weak-form common feature relationship as in Hecq, Palm, and Urbain (2006) and in Athanasopoulos, Guillén, Issler and Vahid (2011) and also a polynomial serial-correlation common feature relationship as in Cubadda and Hecq (2001), which represent restrictions on dynamic models which allow several tests for the existence of PV relationships to be used. Because these relationships occur mostly with nancial data, we propose tests based on generalized method of moment (GMM) estimates, where it is straightforward to propose robust tests in the presence of heteroskedasticity. We also propose a robust Wald test developed to investigate the presence of reduced rank models. Their performance is evaluated in a Monte-Carlo exercise. Second, in the context of asset pricing, we propose applying a permanent-transitory (PT) decomposition based on Beveridge and Nelson (1981), which focus on extracting the long-run component of asset prices, a key con
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Suggested Citation

  • Hecq, A.W. & Issler, J.V., 2012. "A common-feature approach for testing present-value restrictions with financial data," Research Memorandum 006, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:umamet:2012006
    DOI: 10.26481/umamet.2012006
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    1. Hecq Alain & Palm Franz C. & Laurent Sébastien, 2016. "On the Univariate Representation of BEKK Models with Common Factors," Journal of Time Series Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2), pages 91-113, July.
    2. Gianluca Cubadda & Alain Hecq & Sean Telg, 2019. "Detecting Co‐Movements in Non‐Causal Time Series," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 81(3), pages 697-715, June.
    3. Neri, Marcelo Côrtes, 2014. "Brazil's middle classes," FGV EPGE Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 759, EPGE Brazilian School of Economics and Finance - FGV EPGE (Brazil).
    4. Guillén, Osmani Teixeira & Hecq, Alain & Issler, João Victor & Saraiva, Diogo, 2015. "Forecasting multivariate time series under present-value model short- and long-run co-movement restrictions," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 862-875.

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