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Tracking the Slowdown in Long-Run GDP Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Antolin-Diaz

    (Department of Macroeconomic Research, Fulcrum Asset Management)

  • Thomas Drechsel

    (Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM)
    Economics Department London School of Economics (LSE))

  • Ivan Petrella

    (Bank of England
    Department of Economics, Mathematics and Statistics Birkbeck College
    Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR))

Abstract

Using a dynamic factor model that allows for changes in both the long-run growth rate of output and the volatility of business cycles, we document a significant decline in long-run output growth in the United States. Our evidence supports the view that most of this slowdown occurred prior to the Great Recession. We show how to use the model to decompose changes in long-run growth into its underlying drivers. At low frequencies, a decline in the growth rate of labor productivity appears to be behind the recent slowdown in GDP growth for both the US and other advanced economies. When applied to real-time data, the proposed model is capable of detecting shifts in long-run growth in a timely and reliable manner.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Antolin-Diaz & Thomas Drechsel & Ivan Petrella, 2014. "Tracking the Slowdown in Long-Run GDP Growth," Discussion Papers 1604, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM), revised Jan 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:cfm:wpaper:1604
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    Keywords

    Long-run Growth; Business Cycles; Productivity; Dynamic Factor Models; Real-time Data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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