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Output fluctuations in the United States: what has changed since the early 1980s?

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  • Margaret M. McConnell
  • Gabriel Perez-Quiros

Abstract

We document a structural decline in the volatility of real U.S. GDP growth in the first quarter of 1984. As a means of understanding the dramatic volatility reduction, we decompose output growth by major product type and provide evidence that the break emanates from a reduction in the volatility of durable goods production. We further show that the break in durables is roughly coincident with a break in the proportion of durables accounted for by inventories. We note that the break in output volatility affects the implementation of a wide range of simulation and econometric techniques and offer one important illustration of this in the context of a regime-switching model of output growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Margaret M. McConnell & Gabriel Perez-Quiros, 2000. "Output fluctuations in the United States: what has changed since the early 1980s?," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Mar.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfpr:y:2000:i:mar:x:1
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gross domestic product;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production

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