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Profesionalización docente y la calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia

Author

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía
  • Luis Armando Galvis

Abstract

El presente documento tiene por objetivo estudiar el impacto del grado de profesionalización de los docentes sobre los resultados en la calidad de la educación escolar, medida a través del desempeño académico de los estudiantes en la prueba SABER 11. Para esto, se emplean modelos de variables instrumentales (VI) que permiten enfrentar los posibles problemas de endogeneidad. Los resultados muestran que el grado de profesionalización docente tiene un efecto positivo sobre el desempeño de los alumnos, y que el impacto tiende a ser mayor en el área de matemáticas que en la de lenguaje. Además, se encuentra que el gasto público en educación incide positivamente sobre la profesionalización de los docentes, mientras que la adopción del Estatuto de profesionalización docente de 2002 tiene un efecto negativo.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Luis Armando Galvis, 2011. "Profesionalización docente y la calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 154, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:154
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.154
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Alejandro Ome V., 2012. "The Effects of Meritocracy for Teachers in Colombia," Informes de Investigación 010260, Fedesarrollo.
    2. Luis Armando Galvis, 2013. "¿El triunfo de Bogotá?: desempeno reciente de la ciudad capital," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    3. Gómez Silva Carlos Alberto, 2016. "Clasificación de colegios según las pruebas Saber 11 del ICFES: un análisis usando modelos marginales (MM)," Revista Sociedad y Economía - CIDSE, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE, vol. 0(30), pages 11-404, January.
    4. Sánchez-Jabba, Andrés Mauricio, 2014. "Bilingüísmo en Colombia," Chapters, in: Sánchez Jabba, Andrés & Otero Cortés, Andrea (ed.), Educación y desarrollo regional en Colombia, chapter 3, pages 103-128, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Carlos Alberto GÓMEZ SILVA, 2014. "Clasificación de colegios según las Pruebas SABER 11 del ICFES en el Período 2001-2011: un Análisis Longitudinal a Través del Uso de Modelos Marginales (MM)," Archivos de Economía 012314, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    6. Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía & Eduard F. Martínez-González, 2019. "Educación escolar para la inclusión y la transformación social," Chapters, in: Jaime Bonet & Diana Ricciuli-Marin (ed.), Casa Grande Caribe, chapter 1, pages 1-50, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Evaluación de impacto; profesionalización docente; calidad de la educación; variables instrumentales;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation

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