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Profesionalización docente y calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia

Author

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

    ()

  • Luis Armando Galvis

    ()

Abstract

El presente artículo tiene por objetivo estudiar el impacto del grado de profesionalización de los docentes sobre los resultados en la calidad de la educación escolar, medida por medio del desempeño académico de los estudiantes en la Prueba Saber 11. Para esto, se emplean modelos de variables instrumentales (VI) que permiten enfrentar los posibles problemas de endogeneidad. Los resultados muestran que el grado de profesionalización docente tiene un efecto positivo sobre el desempeño de los alumnos, y que el impacto tiende a ser mayor en el área de matemáticas que en la de lenguaje. Además, se encuentra que el gasto público en educación incide positivamente sobre la profesionalización de los docentes, mientras que la adopción del Estatuto de Profesionalización Docente de 2002 tiene un efecto negativo.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Luis Armando Galvis, 2012. "Profesionalización docente y calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," Revista ESPE - ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 30(68), pages 116-163, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:010341
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Roberto Steiner & Jairo Núñez M. & Ximena Cadena O. & Renata Pardo P., 2002. "¿Cuáles colegios ofrecen mejor educación en Colombia?," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 012943, FEDESARROLLO.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis, 2013. "¿El triunfo de Bogotá?: desempeño reciente de la ciudad capital," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
    2. Andres Sanchez Jabba, 2013. "Bilinguismo en Colombia," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 7(2), pages 65-89, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Evaluación de impacto; profesionalizacióndocente; calidad de la educación; variables instrumentales.;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation

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