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Bilingüismo en Colombia

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  • Andrés Sanchez Jabba

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Abstract

Este estudio analiza el bilingüismo español-inglés en el sector educativo colombiano, utilizando el Marco Común Europeo de Referencia para Lenguas como medida indicativa del dominio de esta lengua extranjera. Los resultados demuestran que Colombia es un país con un bajo nivel de inglés, lo cual puede constatarse al cuantificar la proporción de estudiantes y docentes en niveles relacionados con un bajo dominio del idioma, y en los puntajes obtenidos por los colombianos en exámenes internacionales que miden el desarrollo de las distintas competencias lingüísticas. Esta situación es persistente, ya que la evolución reciente del desempeño de los estudiantes en las pruebas de inglés estandarizadas se ha caracterizado por la ausencia de avances significativos. Ello refleja la poca factibilidad en el cumplimiento de las metas relacionadas con el tema de bilingüismo en Colombia, propuestas por el Ministerio de Educación Nacional hacia 2019, razón por la cual se recomienda ajustarlas.****** ABSTRACT: This study analyzes Spanish-English bilingualism in Colombia's educational sector, employing the European Common Framework of Reference for Languages as an indicative measure of language proficiency. Results demonstrate that Colombians have low English language proficiency, fact that can be corroborated by calculating the proportion of students and teachers grouped in levels associated with diminished language skills, as well as the average scores obtained by Colombians on international tests for non native English speakers. This situation is persistent, and conveyed in the evolvement of students' recent performance on standardized English tests, which has characterized itself by the absence of significant progression. This reects the decreased likelihood of fulfilling the goals related to foreign language proficiency levels in Colombia, proposed by the Ministry of Education, hence an adjustment recommendation.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Sanchez Jabba, 2013. "Bilingüismo en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 011538, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:011538
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.191
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bilingüismo; competencias lingüísticas; calidad docente;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development

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