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Movilidad social en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Roberto Angulo

    ()

  • Alejandro Gaviria

    ()

  • Gustavo Nicolás Páez

    ()

  • Joao Pedro Azevedo

Abstract

En Colombia el debate acerca de la movilidad social, debido a la carencia de datos, se ha basado principalmente en anécdotas y opiniones. El presente trabajo exhibe una propuesta metodológica, a partir de encuestas con preguntas retrospectivas, que no solo busca aportar información al debate, sino proponer una forma para que aquellos países que carezcan de encuestas longitudinales debidamente implementadas puedan calcular la movilidad social. Finalmente, buscando hacer un estudio integro, ésta se va a medir de dos formas distintas (educación y nivel socioeconómico) para Colombia, Chile y México (estos últimos se hacen buscando un punto de comparación) y en tres generaciones distintas (para poder describir el comportamiento de la movilidad a través del tiempo).

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Angulo & Alejandro Gaviria & Gustavo Nicolás Páez & Joao Pedro Azevedo, 2012. "Movilidad social en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010323, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:010323
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2012-43.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gabriela Schütz & Heinrich W. Ursprung & Ludger Wößmann, 2008. "Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(2), pages 279-308, May.
    2. John Hassler & José Rodríguez Mora & Joseph Zeira, 2007. "Inequality and mobility," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 235-259, September.
    3. Jo Blanden, 2009. "How Much Can We Learn from International Comparisons of Intergenerational Mobility?," CEE Discussion Papers 0111, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
    4. Hertz Tom & Jayasundera Tamara & Piraino Patrizio & Selcuk Sibel & Smith Nicole & Verashchagina Alina, 2008. "The Inheritance of Educational Inequality: International Comparisons and Fifty-Year Trends," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, pages 1-48.
    5. Cornia, Giovanni Andrea, 2012. "Inequality Trends and their Determinants: Latin America over 1990-2010," WIDER Working Paper Series 009, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2001), pages 1-44, August.
    7. Alejandro Gaviria, 2007. "Social Mobility and Preferences for Redistribution in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2007), pages 55-96, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Adolfo Meisel-Roca, 2016. "Aspectos Regionales de la Movilidad Social y la Igualdad de Oportunidades en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, pages 257-297.
    2. Viviane Azevedo & César P. Bouillon, 2009. "Social Mobility in Latin America: A Review of Existing Evidence," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1656, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Aarón Espinosa Espinosa & Rosaura Arrieta Flórez, 2010. "Mobilidad social, educación y mercado laboral en el departamento de Córdoba (Colombia)," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE 007804, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
    4. Johanna Fajardo-Gonzalez, 2016. "Inequality of opportunity in adult health in Colombia," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 14(4), pages 395-416, December.
    5. Lina Marcela Moyano-Támara & Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte, 2015. "¿Oportunidades para el futuro?: La movilidad social de los adolescentes en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL CARIBE 014777, UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE.
    6. Jhorland Ayala Garcia & Shirly Marrugo Llorente & Bernardo Saray Ricardo, 2011. "Antecedentes Familiares y Rendimiento Académico en los Colegios Oficiales de Cartagena," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, December.
    7. Maribel Castillo Caicedo, 2007. "Desajuste Educativo Por Regiones En Colombia: ¿Competencia Por Salarios O Por Puestos De Trabajo?," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID.
    8. Andres Sanchez Jabba, 2013. "Bilinguismo en Colombia," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 7(2), pages 65-89, December.
    9. Leonardo Bonilla, 2010. "Movilidad intergeneracional en educación en las ciudades," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
    10. Juliana Londoño, 2011. "Movilidad social, preferencias redistributivas y felicidad en Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, December.
    11. Lina Marcela Moyano & Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "¿Oportunidades para el futuro?: la movilidad social de los adolescentes en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 211, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    12. Isabelle Joumard & Juliana Londoño Vélez, 2013. "Income Inequality and Poverty in Colombia - Part 1. The Role of the Labour Market," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1036, OECD Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Movilidad social; nivel socioeconómico; movilidad intergeneracional.;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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