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Aspectos regionales de la movilidad social y la igualdad de oportunidades en Colombia

Listed author(s):
  • Luis Armando Galvis

    ()

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

El objetivo de la presente investigación es estudiar la movilidad social en Colombia a nivel regional. Colombia tiene una de los más altos índices de concentración del ingreso en el mundo, y amplias disparidades económicas a nivel regional, que han sido persistentes a través del tiempo. En este trabajo se estudia uno de los factores determinantes de dicha persistencia: baja movilidad social a través de las generaciones. Los resultados confirman los bajos niveles de movilidad intergeneracional en la educación, aunque se reportan mejorías. Además se encuentra una fuerte asociación entre el ingreso de una región y el grado de movilidad social. También hay una correlación negativa y significativa entre el grado de desigualdad en los ingresos de una región y el grado de movilidad social. Esta investigación representa un primer esfuerzo por relacionar las condiciones de movilidad social con las de desigualdad, avanzando en el estudio de la transmisión intergeneracional de las desigualdades en Colombia.******ABSTRACT: This paper studies social mobility in Colombia at a regional level for 2003 and 2010. Colombia has one of the highest levels of income concentration in the world. It also has significant regional economic disparities. Both the high level of regional economic disparities and the income concentration have been highly persistent. In this paper we study one of the determinants of that persistence: low levels of social mobility across the generations. The results of this paper confirm those low levels of intergenerational mobility in education. However, comparing the years 2003 with 2010 we notice that there have been improvements in this regard. The results also reveal a strong association between the level of income of a region and the degree of social mobility it presents. There is also a negative and significant correlation between the degree of income inequality of a region and the extent of social mobility. This research represents a first attempt to study the relation between conditions of social mobility with inequalities, to advance in the study of the intergenerational transmission of inequality in Colombia.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA with number 011543.

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Length: 44
Date of creation: 22 Jan 2014
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:011543
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  1. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & José R. Molinas & Ricardo Paes de Barros & Francisco H. G. Ferreira, 2009. "Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 361, July.
  2. Koenker, Roger W & Bassett, Gilbert, Jr, 1978. "Regression Quantiles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 33-50, January.
  3. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2001), pages 1-44, August.
  4. Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "The Measurement Of Inequality Of Opportunity: Theory And An Application To Latin America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(4), pages 622-657, December.
  5. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo Meisel R., 2010. "Persistencia de las desigualdades regionales en Colombia: Un análisis espacial," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 006631, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  6. María Modesta Aguilera, 1998. "Los cultivos de camarones en la Costa Caribe Colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 02, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1552 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Roberto Angulo & Alejandro Gaviria & Gustavo Nicolás Páez & Joao Pedro Azevedo, 2012. "Movilidad social en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010323, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  9. Momi Dahan & Alejandro Gaviria, 1999. "Sibling Correlations and Social Mobility in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1301, Inter-American Development Bank.
  10. François Bourguignon & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Marta Menéndez, 2007. "Inequality Of Opportunity In Brazil," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 53(4), pages 585-618, December.
  11. Eric R. Eide & Mark H. Showalter, 1999. "Factors Affecting the Transmission of Earnings across Generations: A Quantile Regression Approach," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(2), pages 253-267.
  12. Paula C. Pereda & Tatiane A. de Menezes & Denisard Alves, 2014. "Climate Change Impacts on Birth Outcomes in Brazil," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6451, Inter-American Development Bank.
  13. Raquel Bernal & Adriana Camacho, 2012. "La Política de Primera Infancia en el Contexto de la Equidad y Movilidad Social en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010313, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  14. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2001), pages 1-44, August.
  15. Kessler, Gabriel & Espinoza, Vicente, 2007. "Movilidad social y trayectorias ocupacionales en Buenos Aires. Continuidades, rupturas y paradojas," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1965, October.
  16. Dahan, Momi & Gaviria, Alejandro, 2001. "Sibling Correlations and Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(3), pages 537-554, April.
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