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Aspectos regionales de la movilidad social y la igualdad de oportunidades en Colombia

Author

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  • Luis Armando Galvis

    ()

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

Abstract

El objetivo de la presente investigación es estudiar la movilidad social en Colombia a nivel regional. Colombia tiene una de los más altos índices de concentración del ingreso en el mundo, y amplias disparidades económicas a nivel regional, que han sido persistentes a través del tiempo. En este trabajo se estudia uno de los factores determinantes de dicha persistencia: baja movilidad social a través de las generaciones. Los resultados confirman los bajos niveles de movilidad intergeneracional en la educación, aunque se reportan mejorías. Además se encuentra una fuerte asociación entre el ingreso de una región y el grado de movilidad social. También hay una correlación negativa y significativa entre el grado de desigualdad en los ingresos de una región y el grado de movilidad social. Esta investigación representa un primer esfuerzo por relacionar las condiciones de movilidad social con las de desigualdad, avanzando en el estudio de la transmisión intergeneracional de las desigualdades en Colombia.******ABSTRACT: This paper studies social mobility in Colombia at a regional level for 2003 and 2010. Colombia has one of the highest levels of income concentration in the world. It also has significant regional economic disparities. Both the high level of regional economic disparities and the income concentration have been highly persistent. In this paper we study one of the determinants of that persistence: low levels of social mobility across the generations. The results of this paper confirm those low levels of intergenerational mobility in education. However, comparing the years 2003 with 2010 we notice that there have been improvements in this regard. The results also reveal a strong association between the level of income of a region and the degree of social mobility it presents. There is also a negative and significant correlation between the degree of income inequality of a region and the extent of social mobility. This research represents a first attempt to study the relation between conditions of social mobility with inequalities, to advance in the study of the intergenerational transmission of inequality in Colombia.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2014. "Aspectos regionales de la movilidad social y la igualdad de oportunidades en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 011543, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:011543
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & José R. Molinas & Ricardo Paes de Barros & Francisco H. G. Ferreira, 2009. "Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 361, January.
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    5. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo Meisel R., 2010. "Persistencia de las desigualdades regionales en Colombia: Un análisis espacial," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 006631, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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    8. Roberto Angulo & Alejandro Gaviria & Gustavo Nicolás Páez & Joao Pedro Azevedo, 2012. "Movilidad social en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010323, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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    14. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2001), pages 1-44, August.
    15. Kessler, Gabriel & Espinoza, Vicente, 2007. "Movilidad social y trayectorias ocupacionales en Buenos Aires. Continuidades, rupturas y paradojas," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1965, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte, 2015. "La eficiencia del gasto público en educación en Colombia," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 9(2), pages 75-97, December.
    2. Lina Marcela Moyano & Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "¿Oportunidades para el futuro?: la movilidad social de los adolescentes en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 012382, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    3. Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "Eficiencia en el uso de los recursos del SGP: los casos de la salud y la educación," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 207, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Ramírez, Jorge & Avellaneda, Claudia & Pineda, Katerine, 2014. "Estimación del Índice de Desarrollo Humano ajustado para los departamentos colombianos," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, issue 83, pages 135-160, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Movilidad social; desigualdad de oportunidades;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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