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Eficiencia en el uso de los recursos del SGP: los casos de la salud y la educación

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  • Luis Armando Galvis

Abstract

En el presente trabajo se realiza un análisis del uso de los recursos públicos destinados a salud y educación. El objetivo es evaluar la “calidad” del gasto territorial con recursos del Sistema General de Participaciones –SGP-, a partir del estudio de la eficiencia relativa. Para este fin se emplea la metodología del Análisis Envolvente de Datos, enfatizando en estos dos sectores debido a que representan aproximadamente un 96% de los recursos provenientes del SGP. Los resultados indican que la eficiencia promedio en la cobertura se encuentra en 62,3 y 63,4% para educación y salud, respectivamente. En calidad la eficiencia en educación solo llega al 48,8% y en salud al 50,6%. Ello implica que, sobre todo en calidad, los municipios requieren esfuerzos para mejorar su desempeño y la eficiencia con que emplean los recursos provenientes del SGP.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "Eficiencia en el uso de los recursos del SGP: los casos de la salud y la educación," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 207, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:207
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.207
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte, 2010. "Geografía económica del Caribe continental colombiano," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 4(1), pages 7-45, June.
    2. Nupia Oscar Andrés & Fabio Sánchez, 2001. "Eficiencia de los hospitales públicos de Bogotá," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes,Facultad de Economía, CEDE, September.
    3. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Adolfo Meisel-Roca, 2016. "Aspectos Regionales de la Movilidad Social y la Igualdad de Oportunidades en Colombia," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 17(2), pages 257-297, February.
    4. Yuri Carolina Reina A., 2014. "Acceso a los servicios de salud en las principales ciudades colombianas (2008-2012)," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 11547, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    5. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo & Jorge Ramos, 2007. "Análisis de eficiencia de la educación en Colombia," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, May.
    6. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    7. António Afonso & Mariana Santos, 2008. "A Dea Approach To The Relative Efficiency Of Portuguese Public Universities," Portuguese Journal of Management Studies, ISEG, Universidade de Lisboa, vol. 0(1), pages 67-88.
    8. António Afonso & Alma Romero & Emma Monsalve, 2013. "Public sector efficiency: evidence for Latin America," Working Papers Department of Economics 2013/20, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
    9. Felipe Barrera Osorio & Alejandro Gaviria Uribe, 2003. "Efficiency of colombian schools," Informes de Investigación 2436, Fedesarrollo.
    10. repec:idb:brikps:80478 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Jorge Iván Rincón Córdoba, (editor). & Nicolás Cabezas Manosalva, (editor)., 2021. "Derecho Administrativo Sanitario Tomo I. Derecho a la Salud, Salubridad Pública y Condiciones Sanitarias de las Ciudades," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, number 1299, April.
    2. Ángel Emilio Munoz Cardona, 2017. "Evaluación económica y social de cuatro municipios liderados por alcaldesas en el departamento del Chocó," Revista Lebret, Universidad Santo Tomás - Bucaramanga, vol. 9, pages 99-117, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Análisis de la envolvente de datos; eficiencia; recursos públicos; SGP; educación; salud.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education

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