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Climate Change Impacts on Birth Outcomes in Brazil

Author

Listed:
  • Paula C. Pereda
  • Tatiane A. de Menezes
  • Denisard Alves

Abstract

This paper attempts to identify the climatic effect on birth outcomes in Brazil and, thus, to predict the potential impact of climate change. Panel data models indicate that excess and lack of rainfall have the most important harmful effects on newborns' health; temperature stresses and low relative humidity also have effects. The use of climate change forecasts for Brazil suggests a possible increase of 305 neonatal deaths annually and, for families in the Primary Care Program, three thousand additional low-weight births each year. The paper further examines public policy's role in minimizing the effects of extreme weather. Mothers' education, sanitation access and health care assistance to pregnant women represent the main instruments for addressing neonatal health problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Paula C. Pereda & Tatiane A. de Menezes & Denisard Alves, 2014. "Climate Change Impacts on Birth Outcomes in Brazil," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6451, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:6451
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    File URL: http://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/6451/Climate%20Change%20Impacts%20on%20Birth%20Outcomes%20in%20Brazil.pdf?sequence=1
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte & Adolfo Meisel-Roca, 2016. "Aspectos Regionales de la Movilidad Social y la Igualdad de Oportunidades en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, vol. 17(2), pages 257-297, February.
    2. Guillermo Cruces & Marcelo Bérgolo & Andriana Conconi & Andrés Ham, 2012. "Are there Etchnic Inequality Traps in Education ? Empirical Evidence for Brazil and Chile," Working Papers PMMA 2012-05, PEP-PMMA.
    3. Lina Marcela Moyano & Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "¿Oportunidades para el futuro?: la movilidad social de los adolescentes en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 012382, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    4. Leonardo Bonilla, 2010. "Movilidad intergeneracional en educación en las ciudades," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    health Care Services; Environmental economics; Health Policy; Climate Change; Neonatal mortality; IDB-WP-495; Change impacts; Birth outcomes; Neonatal mortality rate; Heat stress; High humidity; Extreme weather events; Low birthweight; Low humidity;

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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