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Movilidad intergeneracional en educación en las ciudades

  • Leonardo Bonilla


RESUMEN: En el presente documento se explora la movilidad intergeneracionalen educación desde una perspectiva regional. La pregunta central es ¿enqué ciudades y regiones la educación de los individuos depende menos de lade sus padres? Además, se estudia si los migrantes tuvieron mayor o menormovilidad. Para abordar el tema se emplean siete índices de movilidad y dosencuestas diferentes. Los resultados son sensibles a los índices, lo que confirma que en las investigaciones sobre movilidad es indispensable construir varios. Hay razones para creer que los resultados de algunos índices son más confiables. De acuerdo con aquéllos, hubo mayor movilidad en las ciudades y regiones en donde más aumentó el promedio de educación.ABSTRACT: This paper explores the intergenerational education mobility froma regional perspective. The key question is in which cities and regions is there more independence between the education of parents and offsprings? Differences between migrants and non-migrants are also studied. Seven mobility indexes and two different surveys are used. Results are sensitive to the index, for that reason mobility studies must use several indexes. Some indexes are more likely to be reliable. According to these indexes,there was higher mobility where average education levels improved the most.

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Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): (November)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:008861
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  1. Lykke Andersen, 2001. "Social Mobility in Latin America: Links with Adolescent Schooling," Research Department Publications 3130, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2008. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 005284, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  3. Black, Sandra & Devereux, Paul J., 2010. "Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility," CEPR Discussion Papers 7786, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Momi Dahan & Alejandro Gaviria, 1999. "Sibling Correlations and Social Mobility in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6451, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6485, Inter-American Development Bank.
  6. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2010. "Movilidad inter-generacional en educación en las ciudades y regiones de Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 007312, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  7. Dahan, Momi & Gaviria, Alejandro, 2001. "Sibling Correlations and Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(3), pages 537-54, April.
  8. Christian Dustmann, 2005. "Intergenerational Mobility and Return Migration: Comparing sons of foreign and native born fathers," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0505, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  9. Abdurrahman Aydemir & Wen-Hao Chen & Miles Corak, 2013. "Intergenerational Education Mobility among the Children of Canadian Immigrants," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 39(s1), pages 107-122, May.
  10. Markandya, Anil, 1982. "Intergenerational exchange mobility and economic welfare," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 307-324.
  11. Daniele Checchi & Valentino Dardanoni, 2002. "Mobility comparisons: does using different measures matter?," Departmental Working Papers 2002-15, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  12. Fields, Gary S. & Ok, Efe A., 1996. "The Measurement of Income Mobility: An Introduction to the Literature," Working Papers 96-05, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  13. George J. Borjas, 1992. "The Intergenerational Mobility of Immigrants," NBER Working Papers 3972, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Jo Blanden, 2009. "How much can we learn from international comparisons of intergenerational mobility?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 28283, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  15. Viviane Azevedo & Cesar Bouillon, 2009. "Social Mobility in Latin America: A Review of Existing Evidence," Research Department Publications 4634, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  16. Jaime Tenjo, 2004. "Educación y movilidad social en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE ECONOMÍA 002408, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
  17. Shorrocks, A F, 1978. "The Measurement of Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 1013-24, September.
  18. Doyle, Orla & Harmon, Colm P. & Heckman, James J. & Tremblay, Richard E., 2009. "Investing in early human development: Timing and economic efficiency," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 1-6, March.
  19. Checchi, Daniele & Fiorio, Carlo V. & Leonardi, Marco, 2013. "Intergenerational persistence of educational attainment in Italy," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 229-232.
  20. Pirmin Fessler & Peter Mooslechner & Martin Schürz, 2012. "Intergenerational transmission of educational attainment in Austria," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 39(1), pages 65-86, February.
  21. Philipp Bauer & Regina Riphahn, 2006. "Education and its intergenerational transmission: country of origin-specific evidence for natives and immigrants from Switzerland," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 5(2), pages 89-110, August.
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