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Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

Abstract

En este trabajo se realiza una primera aproximación a las características regionales de la distribución del ingreso y el gasto de los hogares y de los ocupados. Se plantean tres objetivos. El primero de ellos es medir cuán importantes son las diferencias interregionales en la desigualdad total de los hogares y los ocupados, además de evaluar cual es el aporte de cada región a las diferencias intraregionales. El segundo objetivo consiste en verificar si la desigualdad de hogares y ocupados tiene algún patrón espacial. El último objetivo es evaluar si la desigualdad de las regiones tiene alguna relación con su nivel de ingreso. Lo que se encuentra es que existen diferencias significativas entre regiones en cuanto a distribución del ingreso y que los departamentos y las ciudades más equitativas son los de ingreso medio, mientras que los ricos forman casi siempre parte del grupo de los más desiguales.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2008. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 108, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:108
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.108
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    Cited by:

    1. Galvis-Aponte, Luis Armando & Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2011. "Persistencia de las desigualdades regionales en Colombia : un análisis espacial," Chapters, in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 1, pages 3-32, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Erika Londoño, 2015. "Assessing Educational Unfair Inequalities at a Regional Level in Colombia," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 83, pages 97-133, Julio - D.
    3. Julio E. Romero-Prieto, 2016. "Población y desarrollo en la periferia colombiana en el siglo XX," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 10(1), pages 7-50, June.
    4. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Jhorland Ayala-García, 2016. "La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 235, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2011. "Movilidad intergeneracional en educación en las ciudades y regiones de Colombia," Chapters, in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 8, pages 287-309, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Edilberto Rodríguez Araújo, 2014. "Los cuadrantes del desempeno regional en Colombia (2000-2012)," Apuntes del Cenes, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, June.
    7. Julio E. Romero-Prieto, 2015. "Población y desarrollo en el Pacífico colombiano," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 232, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Leonardo Bonilla, 2010. "Movilidad intergeneracional en educación en las ciudades," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, November.
    9. Javier Andrés ROJAS AGUILERA, 2014. "Sobre el efecto de las regalías en el bienestar: Una revisión del periodo 2001-2011," Archivos de Economía 11789, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    10. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), 2011. "Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2011-12, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economía regional; distribución del ingreso; desigualdad; descomposición; curva de Kuznets.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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