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Assessing Educational Unfair Inequalities at a Regional Level in Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Fernando Gamboa

    () (ICFES)

  • Erika Londoño

    () (Universidad del Rosario)

Abstract

This document aims to provide evidence regarding the existence of different patterns in equality of opportunities in academic achievement during the last fifteen years in Colombia. The outcomes selected for measuring inequality are the scores obtained on the national test Saber 11 in math as well as reading. It is found that inequality has increased during this period, and that this trend is common for all the metropolitan areas included in the analysis. Most of the increase found comes from factors related to the school market. It is found that inequality of opportunities is higher than 20% in almost all the studied areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Fernando Gamboa & Erika Londoño, 2015. "Assessing Educational Unfair Inequalities at a Regional Level in Colombia," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 83, pages 97-133, Julio - D.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:2015:i:83:p:97-133
    DOI: 10.17533/udea.le.n83a04
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    File URL: http://aprendeenlinea.udea.edu.co/revistas/index.php/lecturasdeeconomia/article/view/23441/19309
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Márcia de Carvalho & Luis Fernando Gamboa & Fábio D. Waltenberg, 2012. "Equality of Educational Ppportunity Employing PISA Data: Taking both Achievement and Access into Account," Working Papers 277, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    2. Saavedra-Chanduví, Jaime & Molinas, José R. & de Barros, Ricardo Paes & Ferreira, Francisco H. G., 2011. "Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 361, April.
    3. Vélez, Carlos Eduardo & Azevedo, Joao Pedro & Posso-Suárez, Christian Manuel, 2010. "Oportunidades para los niños colombianos: cuánto avanzamos en esta década," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2010-11, March.
    4. Galvis-Aponte, Luis Armando & Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2011. "Persistencia de las desigualdades regionales en Colombia : un análisis espacial," Chapters,in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 1, pages 3-32 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. François Bourguignon & Francisco Ferreira & Michael Walton, 2007. "Equity, efficiency and inequality traps: A research agenda," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 5(2), pages 235-256, August.
    6. Luis Armando Galvis & Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2012. "Desigualdades regionales en el nivel educativo de los profesores en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 14(26), pages 223-240, January-J.
    7. Dunnzlaff, Lina & Neumann, Dirk & Niehues, Judith & Peichl, Andreas, 2010. "Equality of Opportunity and Redistribution in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 5375, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Ricardo Paes de Barros & Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Jose R. Molinas Vega & Jaime Saavedra Chanduvi, 2009. "Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2580, September.
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    10. Veruska Oppedisano & Gilberto Turati, 2015. "What are the causes of educational inequality and of its evolution over time in Europe? Evidence from PISA," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 3-24, February.
    11. Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "The Measurement Of Inequality Of Opportunity: Theory And An Application To Latin America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(4), pages 622-657, December.
    12. Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "The Measurement of Inequality of Inequality of Opportunity: Theory and an Application to Latin America," Post-Print halshs-00754503, HAL.
    13. repec:bdr:bdrcap:2011-12-35.63 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Nicolas Pistolesi, 2009. "Inequality of opportunity in the land of opportunities, 1968–2001," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 7(4), pages 411-433, December.
    15. Peragine, Vitorocco, 2002. "Opportunity egalitarianism and income inequality," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 45-64, September.
    16. Gamboa, Luis Fernando & Waltenberg, Fábio D., 2012. "Inequality of opportunity for educational achievement in Latin America: Evidence from PISA 2006–2009," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 694-708.
    17. Peragine, Vitorocco, 1999. " The Distribution and Redistribution of Opportunity," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 37-69, February.
    18. Ludger Vessman & Jerik Hanushek, 2007. "The role of education quality in economic growth (Part I)," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 2, pages 86-116.
    19. Giuseppe Pignataro, 2012. "Equality Of Opportunity: Policy And Measurement Paradigms," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 800-834, December.
    20. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," Chapters,in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 2, pages 35.63 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:injoed:v:66:y:2019:i:c:p:193-202 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Leopoldo Fergusson & Tatiana Hiller & Ana María Ibáñez, 2018. "Growth and inclusion trajectories of Colombian functional territories," Documentos CEDE 016947, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    inequality of opportunities; education; test Saber 11; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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