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Inequality of Opportunity and Growth

  • Gustavo A. Marrero
  • Juan G. Rodríguez

Theoretical and empirical studies exploring the effects of income inequality upon growth reach a disappointing inconclusive result. This paper postulates that one reason for this ambiguity is that income inequality is actually a composite measure of at least two different sorts of inequality: inequality of opportunity and inequality of effort. These two types of inequality affect growth through opposite channels, so the relationship between income inequality and growth is positive or negative depending on which component is larger. We test this proposal using inequality-of- opportunity measures computed from the PSID database for 23 states of the U.S. in 1980 and 1990. We find robust support for a negative relationship between inequality of opportunity and growth, and a positive relationship between inequality of effort and growth.

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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2009-24.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2009-24
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