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Growth effects of inequality and redistribution: What are the transmission channels?

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  • Gründler, Klaus
  • Scheuermeyer, Philipp

Abstract

Evidence from a large panel of harmonized data highlights a negative effect of income inequality on economic growth. Less equal societies tend to have less educated populations, higher fertility rates, and lower investment shares. These effects are particularly prevalent if credit availability is limited, while public education spending attenuates the negative effects of inequality. Public redistribution, measured as the difference between Ginis of market and net income, hampers growth via lower investment and increased fertility. Yet, combined with its positive effect through lower inequality, the impact of redistribution is insignificant. In developing countries redistribution can even be growth enhancing.

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  • Gründler, Klaus & Scheuermeyer, Philipp, 2018. "Growth effects of inequality and redistribution: What are the transmission channels?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 293-313.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmacro:v:55:y:2018:i:c:p:293-313
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmacro.2017.12.001
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Leonardo Gambacorta & Enisse Kharroubi & Enisse Kharroubi, 2018. "The effects of prudential regulation, financial development and financial openness on economic growth," BIS Working Papers 752, Bank for International Settlements.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic growth; Redistribution; Inequality; Panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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