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Instrumental Variable Estimation In A Data Rich Environment


  • Bai, Jushan
  • Ng, Serena


We consider estimation of parameters in a regression model with endogenous regressors. The endogenous regressors along with a large number of other endogenous variables are driven by a small number of unobservable exogenous common factors. We show that the estimated common factors can be used as instrumental variables and they are more efficient than the observed variables in our framework. Whereas standard optimal generalized method of moments estimator using a large number of instruments is biased and can be inconsistent, the factor instrumental variable estimator (FIV) is shown to be consistent and asymptotically normal, even if the number of instruments exceeds the sample size. Furthermore, FIV remains consistent even if the observed variables are invalid instruments as long as the unobserved common components are valid instruments. We also consider estimating panel data models in which all regressors are endogenous but share exogenous common factors. We show that valid instruments can be constructed from the endogenous regressors. Although single equation FIV requires no bias correction, the faster convergence rate of the panel estimator is such that a bias correction is necessary to obtain a zero-centered normal distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Bai, Jushan & Ng, Serena, 2010. "Instrumental Variable Estimation In A Data Rich Environment," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(6), pages 1577-1606, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:etheor:v:26:y:2010:i:06:p:1577-1606_99

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