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Equality of educational opportunities in Colombia: A metropolitan area comparison

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  • Luis Fernando Gamboa

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  • Erika Londoño

Abstract

This document aims to provide evidence about the existence of different patterns in equality of opportunities in academic achievement during the last fifteen years in Colombia. The outcomes selected for measuring inequality are the scores obtained on SABER 11 in math as well as reading. It is found that inequality has grown around 11% in the country, and that this trend is common for all the metropolitan areas included in the analysis. Most of the increase found comes from factors related to the school market. The fraction of unfair inequality, conditional to the circumstances included in the definition of “types†, is higher than 20% of gross inequality in 2012.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Fernando Gamboa & Erika Londoño, 2014. "Equality of educational opportunities in Colombia: A metropolitan area comparison," Documentos de Trabajo 011040, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:011040
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    1. Márcia de Carvalho & Luis Fernando Gamboa & Fábio D. Waltenberg, 2012. "Equality of Educational Ppportunity Employing PISA Data: Taking both Achievement and Access into Account," Working Papers 277, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    2. Xavier Ramos & Dirk Van de gaer, 2012. "Empirical Approaches to Inequality of Opportunity: Principles, Measures, and Evidence," Working Papers wpdea1208, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
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    4. Peragine, Vitorocco, 2002. "Opportunity egalitarianism and income inequality," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 45-64, September.
    5. Roemer, John E. & Aaberge, Rolf & Colombino, Ugo & Fritzell, Johan & Jenkins, Stephen P. & Lefranc, Arnaud & Marx, Ive & Page, Marianne & Pommer, Evert & Ruiz-Castillo, Javier, 2003. "To what extent do fiscal regimes equalize opportunities for income acquisition among citizens?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(3-4), pages 539-565, March.
    6. Vito Peragine, 2004. "Measuring and implementing equality of opportunity for income," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 22(1), pages 187-210, February.
    7. Peragine, Vitorocco, 1999. "The Distribution and Redistribution of Opportunity," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 37-69, February.
    8. Dunnzlaff, Lina & Neumann, Dirk & Niehues, Judith & Peichl, Andreas, 2010. "Equality of Opportunity and Redistribution in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 5375, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Veruska Oppedisano & Gilberto Turati, 2015. "What are the causes of educational inequality and of its evolution over time in Europe? Evidence from PISA," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 3-24, February.
    10. Giuseppe Pignataro, 2012. "Equality Of Opportunity: Policy And Measurement Paradigms," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 800-834, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. à ngela Rocío López Sánchez & Andrés Felipe Virgüez Clavijo & Jaime Andrés Sarmiento Espinel & Adriana Carolina Silva Arias, 2015. "El efecto de la gerencia privada de escuelas públicas en el desempeño estudiantil en la educación media en Colombia," Revista Ecos de Economía, Universidad EAFIT, vol. 19(41), pages 108-136, December.
    2. Gómez Aliaga, Guillermo A., 2017. "Desigualdades desde la Escuela: Una Mirada al Efecto de la Educación Pública/Privada sobre el Rezago Escolar en Bolivia," Documentos de trabajo 3/2017, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
    3. López Sánchez, à ngela Rocío & Virgüez Clavijo, Andrés Felipe & Silva Arias, Adriana Carolina & Sarmiento Espinel, Jaime Andrés, 2017. "Desigualdad de oportunidades en el sistema de educación pública en Bogotá, Colombia," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, issue 87, pages 165-190, March.
    4. Ángela López & Andrés Virgüez & Carolina Silva & Jaime Sarmiento, 2017. "Inequality of opportunity in the public education system of Bogota, Colombia," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 87, pages 165-190, Julio - D.
    5. Natalia Krüger & Luis Fernando Gamboa & Fábio Waltenberg, 2014. "Gross Inequality and Inequality of Opportunities in Basic Education: Were they affected by Latin America’s Economic Boom?," Documentos de Trabajo 012322, Universidad del Rosario.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inequality of Opportunities;  Education;  Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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