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Inequality of opportunity in the public education system of Bogota, Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Ángela López

    () (Universidad Militar Nueva Granada)

  • Andrés Virgüez

    () (Universidad Militar Nueva Granada)

  • Carolina Silva

    () (Universidad Militar Nueva Granada)

  • Jaime Sarmiento

    () (Universidad Militar Nueva Granada)

Abstract

Education is a means to equalize opportunities among individuals and to improve their welfare and future income. Nevertheless, there is limited literature assessing the degree of educational inequality in Colombia, and more so regarding public education. In this sense, this paper presents a comparative analysis of inequality of opportunity in academic achievement of two models of public education in Bogotá: traditional and concession. To do this, propensity score matching estimations are used on a dataset collected from a sample of students who took the Saber 11 test in 2012. The results indicate that concession schools exhibit a lower degree of inequality of opportunities compared with traditional public schools.

Suggested Citation

  • Ángela López & Andrés Virgüez & Carolina Silva & Jaime Sarmiento, 2017. "Inequality of opportunity in the public education system of Bogota, Colombia," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 87, pages 165-190, Julio - D.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:2017:i:87:p:165-190
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    File URL: http://aprendeenlinea.udea.edu.co/revistas/index.php/lecturasdeeconomia/article/view/325264/20785243
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inequality of educational opportunity; public education; concession schools;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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