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Análisis de eficiencia de la educación en Colombia

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Listed:
  • Ana María Iregui

    ()

  • Ligia Melo

    ()

  • Jorge Ramos

    ()

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of school and student characteristics on academic performance. Using data for 2002, the paper applies stochastic frontier techniques to estimate the level of technical efficiency of a sample of 4,542 public and private schools. Our findings indicate that both school and student characteristics have a positive and significant effect on academic performance. It appears that private schools are more efficient due to a more favourable environment since, on average, they receive students from higher income families. However, assuming a similar environment, differences in efficiency levels between private and public schools tend to disappear.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo & Jorge Ramos, 2007. "Análisis de eficiencia de la educación en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:004254
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    File URL: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/view/1113/1007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alejandro Mina, 2004. "Factores Asociados Al Logro Educativo A Nivel Municipal," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002708, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    2. Hanushek, Eric A & Rivkin, Steven G & Taylor, Lori L, 1996. "Aggregation and the Estimated Effects of School Resources," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(4), pages 611-627, November.
    3. Jairo Núñez & Roberto Steiner & Ximena Cadena & Renata Pardo, 2002. "¿Cuáles Colegios Ofrecen Mejor Educación En Colombia?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003796, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    4. Battese, George E. & Coelli, Tim J., 1988. "Prediction of firm-level technical efficiencies with a generalized frontier production function and panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 387-399, July.
    5. Alejandro GAVIRIA, Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS & Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS, 2001. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002301, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    6. Hanushek, Eric A., 2002. "Publicly provided education," Handbook of Public Economics,in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 30, pages 2045-2141 Elsevier.
    7. Subhash Ray & Kankana Mukherjee, 1998. "Quantity, Quality, and Efficiency for a Partially Super-Additive Cost Function: Connecticut Public Schools Revisited," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 47-62, July.
    8. Felipe Barrera Osorio & Alejandro Gaviria Uribe, 2003. "Efficiency of colombian schools," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002436, FEDESARROLLO.
    9. Battese, G E & Coelli, T J, 1995. "A Model for Technical Inefficiency Effects in a Stochastic Frontier Production Function for Panel Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 325-332.
    10. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-1177, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2008. "Colombia - The Quality of Education in Colombia : An Analysis and Options for a Policy Agenda," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7875, The World Bank.
    2. Mauricio García Villegas & Laura Quiroz López, 2011. "Apartheid educativo. Educación, desigualdad e inmovilidad social en Bogotá," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 137-162, July-Dece.
    3. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro & Dalma Sofía Ariza-Hernández & Cristian Oswaldo Carmona-Sanchez, 2016. "El desempeño municipal en el sector educativo: un análisis a partir de una función multiproducto," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 015017, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    4. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte, 2015. "La eficiencia del gasto público en educación en Colombia," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 9(2), pages 75-97, December.
    5. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Jorge Enrique Ramos-Forero & Pedro Oswaldo Hernández-Santamaría, 2017. "La educación superior en Colombia: situación actual y análisis de eficiencia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, vol. 78, February.
    6. repec:col:000174:015711 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. World Bank, 2009. "Colombia - Decentralization : Options and Incentives for Efficiency - Sector Annexes," World Bank Other Operational Studies 3097, The World Bank.
    8. Leonardo Bonilla M., 2011. "Doble jornada escolar y calidad de la educación en Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
    9. repec:lde:journl:y:2017:i:87:p:165-190 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Juan Barón, 2012. "First job experiences of Colombian college graduates: probability of formal employment and wages," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 55-86.
    11. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro & Dalma Sofía Ariza-Hernández & Cristian Oswaldo Carmona-Sanchez, 2016. "Efficiency of Public Education in a Multiproduct Context: The Case of Colombian Municipalities," Borradores de Economia 979, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    12. Jhorland Ayala Garcia & Shirly Marrugo Llorente & Bernardo Saray Ricardo, 2011. "Antecedentes Familiares y Rendimiento Académico en los Colegios Oficiales de Cartagena," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, December.
    13. Loaiza Quintero, Osmar Leandro & Franco Vásquez, Liliana Yaned, 2012. "Un estudio acerca de los determinantes de la productividad y la ineficiencia técnica en la industria colombiana, 1992-2007
      [Determinants of productivity and technical inefficiency in Colombia’s man
      ," MPRA Paper 47736, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Jun 2013.
    14. Ángela Rocío López Sánchez & Andrés Felipe Virgüez Clavijo & Jaime Andrés Sarmiento Espinel & Adriana Carolina Silva Arias, 2015. "El efecto de la gerencia privada de escuelas públicas en el desempeño estudiantil en la educación media en Colombia," REVISTA ECOS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT, vol. 19(41), pages 108-136, December.
    15. World Bank, 2009. "Colombia - Decentralization : Options and Incentives for Efficiency - Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 3096, The World Bank.
    16. Ignacio Lozano & Jorge Ramos & Hernán Rincón, 2007. "Implicaciones Fiscales y Sectoriales de la Reforma a las transferencias Territoriales en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002816, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    17. Luis Armando Galvis, 2014. "Eficiencia en el uso de los recursos del SGP: los casos de la salud y la educación," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 207, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    18. Andrés Fernando Jola S., 2011. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación media en Colombia: un análisis de los resultados PISA 2006 y del plan sectorial "Revolución Educativa"," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
    19. Víctor Mauricio Castañeda Rodríguez, 2014. "El gasto social como factor que favorece una mayor dependencia del IVA. Un análisis para el caso colombiano," REVISTA ECOS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT, June.
    20. Juan Tomás Sayago Gómez, 2014. "The spatial agglomeration of educated people in Colombia," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
    21. Arlette Beltrán Barco & Karlos La Serna Studzinski, 2008. "¿Qué explica el rendimiento académico en el primer año de estudios universitarios? Un estudio de caso en la Universidad del Pacífico," Working Papers 08-09, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    22. Arlen Guarín & Carlos Medina & Christian Posso, 2017. "Calidad y Cobertura de la Educación Secundaria Pública y Privada en Colombia, y sus Costos Ocultos," Borradores de Economia 1006, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    23. Natalia Krüger & Luis Fernando Gamboa & Fábio Waltenberg, 2014. "Gross Inequality and Inequality of Opportunities in Basic Education: Were they affected by Latin America’s Economic Boom?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 012322, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    análisis de eficiencia; frontera estocástica; Colombia; educación;

    JEL classification:

    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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