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Ineficiencia en la distribución de energía eléctrica: una aplicación de las funciones de distancia estocástica

  • Ligia Melo

    ()

  • Néstor Espinosa

    ()

En este documento se evalúa el desempeño de las empresas distribuidoras de energía durante el período 1999-2003, utilizando la metodología de funciones de distancia estocástica, la cual, a través de la estimación de las desviaciones de una función ideal de producción, permite medir los niveles de eficiencia técnica de las diferentes empresas. Los resultados indican queexisten diferencias significativas en el desempeño de las empresas, sugiriendo que se podrían obtener importantes ganancias en términos de eficiencia técnica si las empresas operaran o se acercaran a los niveles de operación de las más eficientes. Estas ganancias se podrían expresar en el ahorro de recursos, la calidad del servicio y/o en menores niveles de tarifas a los usuarios finales. También se encontró que el desempeño de las empresas distribuidoras de energíapuede verse afectado por factores fuera del control de las firmas, tales como las condiciones geográficas, el número de usuarios atendidos y la densidad poblacional. En particular, se encuentra que empresas con altas tasas de densidad poblacional y/o altos niveles de consumo por usuario se ven favorecidas cuando dichas variables influyen directamente en la tecnología de producción.

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Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2005)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007497
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