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La Educación Superior en Colombia: Situación Actual y Análisis de Eficiencia

  • Ligia Alba Melo B.

    ()

  • Jorge Enrique Ramos F.

    ()

  • Pedro Oswaldo Hernández S.

    ()

La investigación tiene como objetivo revisar de manera general la situación de la educación superior en Colombia y evaluar los niveles de eficiencia de los diferentes programas e instituciones del país. Para el análisis de eficiencia se utilizan técnicas de frontera estocástica y los resultados de las pruebas Saber Pro. La estimación evalúa el impacto tanto de variables asociadas al personal docente y a la infraestructura de las instituciones, como de algunos factores de entorno que no están directamente bajo el control de las instituciones. Los resultados indican que existe una respuesta positiva y significativa entre el logro académico y las variables de infraestructura y las asociadas al personal docente. Los resultados igualmente resaltan la importancia de los factores de entorno para explicar el desempeño de las instituciones de educación superior, sugiriendo que aunque muchas instituciones educativas tienen un margen para mejorar sus niveles de eficiencia, podrían estar restringidas por la influencia de los factores socioeconómicos de los estudiantes.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 808.

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Length: 50
Date of creation: Feb 2014
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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:808
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  7. James Heckman, 2000. "Policies to Foster Human Capital," Working Papers 0028, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago.
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  12. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E, 1998. "Competition between Private and Public Schools, Vouchers, and Peer-Group Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 33-62, March.
  13. Saavedra, Anna Rosefsky & Saavedra, Juan Esteban, 2011. "Do colleges cultivate critical thinking, problem solving, writing and interpersonal skills?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1516-1526.
  14. Carneiro, Pedro & Heckman, James J & Masterov, Dimitriy V, 2005. "Labor Market Discrimination and Racial Differences in Premarket Factors," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(1), pages 1-39, April.
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  16. Jondrow, James & Knox Lovell, C. A. & Materov, Ivan S. & Schmidt, Peter, 1982. "On the estimation of technical inefficiency in the stochastic frontier production function model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 233-238, August.
  17. Dennis Epple & Richard Romano & Holger Sieg, 2002. "On the Demographic Composition of Colleges and Universities in Market Equilibrium," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 310-314, May.
  18. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-77, September.
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  21. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002802, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  22. Alejandro GAVIRIA, 2001. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002301, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  23. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo & Jorge Ramos, 2007. "Análisis de eficiencia de la educación en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
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