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La Educación Superior en Colombia: Situación Actual y Análisis de Eficiencia

Author

Listed:
  • Ligia Alba Melo B.

    ()

  • Jorge Enrique Ramos F.

    ()

  • Pedro Oswaldo Hernández S.

    ()

Abstract

La investigación tiene como objetivo revisar de manera general la situación de la educación superior en Colombia y evaluar los niveles de eficiencia de los diferentes programas e instituciones del país. Para el análisis de eficiencia se utilizan técnicas de frontera estocástica y los resultados de las pruebas Saber Pro. La estimación evalúa el impacto tanto de variables asociadas al personal docente y a la infraestructura de las instituciones, como de algunos factores de entorno que no están directamente bajo el control de las instituciones. Los resultados indican que existe una respuesta positiva y significativa entre el logro académico y las variables de infraestructura y las asociadas al personal docente. Los resultados igualmente resaltan la importancia de los factores de entorno para explicar el desempeño de las instituciones de educación superior, sugiriendo que aunque muchas instituciones educativas tienen un margen para mejorar sus niveles de eficiencia, podrían estar restringidas por la influencia de los factores socioeconómicos de los estudiantes.

Suggested Citation

  • Ligia Alba Melo B. & Jorge Enrique Ramos F. & Pedro Oswaldo Hernández S., 2014. "La Educación Superior en Colombia: Situación Actual y Análisis de Eficiencia," Borradores de Economia 808, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:808
    DOI: 10.32468/be.808
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Arlen Guarín & Sebastián Londoño & Carlos Medina & Julieth Parra & Christian Posso & Carlos Eduardo Vélez, 2016. "Estimating the Effect of Attending a Public versus a Private University in Colombia on Academic Achievement **** Una Estimación del Efecto sobre el Rendimiento Académico de Asistir a una Universidad P," Borradores de Economia 968, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro & Dalma Sofía Ariza-Hernández & Cristian Oswaldo Carmona-Sanchez, 2016. "El desempeño municipal en el sector educativo: un análisis a partir de una función multiproducto," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 015017, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    3. Maria Ines Barbosa Camargo, 2015. "Efectos de los mecanismos de financiación en el acceso a la educación superior en Colombia," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 10, in: Marta Rahona López & Jennifer Graves (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 10, edition 1, volume 10, chapter 5, pages 115-134, Asociación de Economía de la Educación.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Educación Superior; Análisis de eficiencia; Frontera estocástica.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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