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Impacto del programa Ser Pilo Paga en la motivación para obtener mejores puntajes en las pruebas Saber 11 en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Mariángela Chávez C.
  • María Fernanda Holguín A.
  • Esteban Castro G.
  • Andrés Rincón G.

Abstract

Esta investigación estudia el efecto motivacional generado por el programa Ser Pilo Paga, que concedía créditos condonables a estudiantes de educación media y con bajos recursos económicos, para realizar estudios superiores en universidades colombianas acreditadas. Analiza si el hecho de tener al menos un estudiante beneficiario de SPP en un colegio, genera efectos motivacionales en las siguientes cohortes, incentivando a incrementar los resultados en las pruebas de estado. Se utilizaron datos desde el 2012 hasta el 2018 y una metodología mixta de PSM y ES, con el propósito de tener grupos comparables y evidenciar tanto el efecto, como la temporalidad de la motivación por "contagio". Los resultados obtenidos evidencian que un estudiante motivado por el hecho de que algún companero haya sido beneficiario del programa SPP promueve una mejor obtención de resultados en las pruebas Saber 11 de entre 0,038 y 0,091 desviaciones estándar. Concluye que los efectos motivacionales son más frecuentes en los hombres; factores como habitar en zonas con alto índice de ruralidad, afectadas por violencia o pobreza, produce una disminución en el efecto de motivación. Por último, que el efecto motivacional por contagio requiere de condiciones mínimas en la calidad de la educación y condiciones socio económicas.

Suggested Citation

  • Mariángela Chávez C. & María Fernanda Holguín A. & Esteban Castro G. & Andrés Rincón G., 2022. "Impacto del programa Ser Pilo Paga en la motivación para obtener mejores puntajes en las pruebas Saber 11 en Colombia," Documentos CEDE 20028, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:020028
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Damian Clarke & Kathya Tapia-Schythe, 2021. "Implementing the panel event study," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 21(4), pages 853-884, December.
    2. María José Álvarez & Carlos Castro & Javier Corredor & Juliana Londoño & Carolina Maldonado & Catherine Rodríguez & Fabio Sánchez & Xiomara Pulido, 2017. "El Programa Ser Pilo Paga: Impactos Iniciales en Equidad en el Acceso a la Educación Superior y el Desempeno Académico," Documentos CEDE 15775, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
    3. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Jorge Enrique Ramos-Forero & Pedro Oswaldo Hernández-Santamaría, 2017. "La educación superior en Colombia: situación actual y análisis de eficiencia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes,Facultad de Economía, CEDE, vol. 78, February.
    4. Michael Kremer & Edward Miguel & Rebecca Thornton, 2009. "Incentives to Learn," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(3), pages 437-456, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ser Pilo Paga; educación; motivación; educación media; educación superior enColombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • A21 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - Pre-college
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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