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El desempeno municipal en el sector educativo: un análisis a partir de una función multiproducto

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Listed:
  • Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra
  • Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro
  • Dalma Sofía Ariza-Hernández
  • Cristian Oswaldo Carmona-Sanchez

Abstract

Este documento estima la eficiencia del sector educativo a nivel municipal en el país, para el periodo 2007-2014. El análisis empírico se realiza utilizando una función multiproducto, la cual permite observar el desempeno del sector teniendo en cuenta que las autoridades municipales son responsables de diferentes objetivos en la provisión de la educación. Se identifican municipios con eficiencias entre el 10% y el 90%, lo que indica que hay mucho margen de mejora. Los resultados se presentan identificando posibles causas de ineficiencia, entre las que se encuentran la certificación del municipio y su entorno institucional. También se observan patrones regionales que difieren para los resultados de cobertura y calidad en la educación. ******ABSTRACT: This paper estimates the efficiency for the public education sector in Colombia by municipality during the period 2007-2014. The empirical analysis relies in a multiproduct function, which allows us to assess the performance of public policy taking into account two types of products: quality and coverage of education. Colombian municipalities show efficiencies between the 10% and 90%, which shows space to improvement. Possible sources of inefficiencies are explored, such as institutional environment and fiscal autonomy. Regional patterns are also observed, which differ for the cases of quality and coverage of education.

Suggested Citation

  • Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro & Dalma Sofía Ariza-Hernández & Cristian Oswaldo Carmona-Sanchez, 2016. "El desempeno municipal en el sector educativo: un análisis a partir de una función multiproducto," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 015017, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:015017
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.243
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Educación; eficiencia técnica; descentralización; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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